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WordPress fix Reply To: Ad Malware on our site but can’t remove!

Discussion in 'Misc WordPress Requests' started by amazuy, Jan 28, 2018.

  1. amazuy

    Guest

    Reply To: Ad Malware on our site but can’t remove!, by amazuy

    check if you are using latest version of wordpress, if not update it. Also try deactivation plugins one by one and see if error goes.

    Open your taxonamy,php file delete everything, copy below code and past than save it. error will be fixed. keep a backup of your file before editing.

    <?php
    /**
    * Core Taxonomy API
    *
    * @package WordPress
    * @subpackage Taxonomy
    */

    //
    // Taxonomy Registration
    //

    /**
    * Creates the initial taxonomies.
    *
    * This function fires twice: in wp-settings.php before plugins are loaded (for
    * backward compatibility reasons), and again on the {@see ‘init’} action. We must
    * avoid registering rewrite rules before the {@see ‘init’} action.
    *
    * @since 2.8.0
    *
    * @global WP_Rewrite $wp_rewrite The WordPress rewrite class.
    */
    function create_initial_taxonomies() {
    global $wp_rewrite;

    if ( ! did_action( ‘init’ ) ) {
    $rewrite = array( ‘category’ => false, ‘post_tag’ => false, ‘post_format’ => false );
    } else {

    /**
    * Filters the post formats rewrite base.
    *
    * @since 3.1.0
    *
    * @param string $context Context of the rewrite base. Default ‘type’.
    */
    $post_format_base = apply_filters( ‘post_format_rewrite_base’, ‘type’ );
    $rewrite = array(
    ‘category’ => array(
    ‘hierarchical’ => true,
    ‘slug’ => get_option(‘category_base’) ? get_option(‘category_base’) : ‘category’,
    ‘with_front’ => ! get_option(‘category_base’) || $wp_rewrite->using_index_permalinks(),
    ‘ep_mask’ => EP_CATEGORIES,
    ),
    ‘post_tag’ => array(
    ‘hierarchical’ => false,
    ‘slug’ => get_option(‘tag_base’) ? get_option(‘tag_base’) : ‘tag’,
    ‘with_front’ => ! get_option(‘tag_base’) || $wp_rewrite->using_index_permalinks(),
    ‘ep_mask’ => EP_TAGS,
    ),
    ‘post_format’ => $post_format_base ? array( ‘slug’ => $post_format_base ) : false,
    );
    }

    register_taxonomy( ‘category’, ‘post’, array(
    ‘hierarchical’ => true,
    ‘query_var’ => ‘category_name’,
    ‘rewrite’ => $rewrite[‘category’],
    ‘public’ => true,
    ‘show_ui’ => true,
    ‘show_admin_column’ => true,
    ‘_builtin’ => true,
    ‘capabilities’ => array(
    ‘manage_terms’ => ‘manage_categories’,
    ‘edit_terms’ => ‘edit_categories’,
    ‘delete_terms’ => ‘delete_categories’,
    ‘assign_terms’ => ‘assign_categories’,
    ),
    ‘show_in_rest’ => true,
    ‘rest_base’ => ‘categories’,
    ‘rest_controller_class’ => ‘WP_REST_Terms_Controller’,
    ) );

    register_taxonomy( ‘post_tag’, ‘post’, array(
    ‘hierarchical’ => false,
    ‘query_var’ => ‘tag’,
    ‘rewrite’ => $rewrite[‘post_tag’],
    ‘public’ => true,
    ‘show_ui’ => true,
    ‘show_admin_column’ => true,
    ‘_builtin’ => true,
    ‘capabilities’ => array(
    ‘manage_terms’ => ‘manage_post_tags’,
    ‘edit_terms’ => ‘edit_post_tags’,
    ‘delete_terms’ => ‘delete_post_tags’,
    ‘assign_terms’ => ‘assign_post_tags’,
    ),
    ‘show_in_rest’ => true,
    ‘rest_base’ => ‘tags’,
    ‘rest_controller_class’ => ‘WP_REST_Terms_Controller’,
    ) );

    register_taxonomy( ‘nav_menu’, ‘nav_menu_item’, array(
    ‘public’ => false,
    ‘hierarchical’ => false,
    ‘labels’ => array(
    ‘name’ => __( ‘Navigation Menus’ ),
    ‘singular_name’ => __( ‘Navigation Menu’ ),
    ),
    ‘query_var’ => false,
    ‘rewrite’ => false,
    ‘show_ui’ => false,
    ‘_builtin’ => true,
    ‘show_in_nav_menus’ => false,
    ) );

    register_taxonomy( ‘link_category’, ‘link’, array(
    ‘hierarchical’ => false,
    ‘labels’ => array(
    ‘name’ => __( ‘Link Categories’ ),
    ‘singular_name’ => __( ‘Link Category’ ),
    ‘search_items’ => __( ‘Search Link Categories’ ),
    ‘popular_items’ => null,
    ‘all_items’ => __( ‘All Link Categories’ ),
    ‘edit_item’ => __( ‘Edit Link Category’ ),
    ‘update_item’ => __( ‘Update Link Category’ ),
    ‘add_new_item’ => __( ‘Add New Link Category’ ),
    ‘new_item_name’ => __( ‘New Link Category Name’ ),
    ‘separate_items_with_commas’ => null,
    ‘add_or_remove_items’ => null,
    ‘choose_from_most_used’ => null,
    ‘back_to_items’ => __( ‘← Back to Link Categories’ ),
    ),
    ‘capabilities’ => array(
    ‘manage_terms’ => ‘manage_links’,
    ‘edit_terms’ => ‘manage_links’,
    ‘delete_terms’ => ‘manage_links’,
    ‘assign_terms’ => ‘manage_links’,
    ),
    ‘query_var’ => false,
    ‘rewrite’ => false,
    ‘public’ => false,
    ‘show_ui’ => true,
    ‘_builtin’ => true,
    ) );

    register_taxonomy( ‘post_format’, ‘post’, array(
    ‘public’ => true,
    ‘hierarchical’ => false,
    ‘labels’ => array(
    ‘name’ => _x( ‘Format’, ‘post format’ ),
    ‘singular_name’ => _x( ‘Format’, ‘post format’ ),
    ),
    ‘query_var’ => true,
    ‘rewrite’ => $rewrite[‘post_format’],
    ‘show_ui’ => false,
    ‘_builtin’ => true,
    ‘show_in_nav_menus’ => current_theme_supports( ‘post-formats’ ),
    ) );
    }

    /**
    * Retrieves a list of registered taxonomy names or objects.
    *
    * @since 3.0.0
    *
    * @global array $wp_taxonomies The registered taxonomies.
    *
    * @param array $args Optional. An array of key => value arguments to match against the taxonomy objects.
    * Default empty array.
    * @param string $output Optional. The type of output to return in the array. Accepts either taxonomy ‘names’
    * or ‘objects’. Default ‘names’.
    * @param string $operator Optional. The logical operation to perform. Accepts ‘and’ or ‘or’. ‘or’ means only
    * one element from the array needs to match; ‘and’ means all elements must match.
    * Default ‘and’.
    * @return array A list of taxonomy names or objects.
    */
    function get_taxonomies( $args = array(), $output = ‘names’, $operator = ‘and’ ) {
    global $wp_taxonomies;

    $field = (‘names’ == $output) ? ‘name’ : false;

    return wp_filter_object_list($wp_taxonomies, $args, $operator, $field);
    }

    /**
    * Return the names or objects of the taxonomies which are registered for the requested object or object type, such as
    * a post object or post type name.
    *
    * Example:
    *
    * $taxonomies = get_object_taxonomies( ‘post’ );
    *
    * This results in:
    *
    * Array( ‘category’, ‘post_tag’ )
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @global array $wp_taxonomies The registered taxonomies.
    *
    * @param array|string|WP_Post $object Name of the type of taxonomy object, or an object (row from posts)
    * @param string $output Optional. The type of output to return in the array. Accepts either
    * taxonomy ‘names’ or ‘objects’. Default ‘names’.
    * @return array The names of all taxonomy of $object_type.
    */
    function get_object_taxonomies( $object, $output = ‘names’ ) {
    global $wp_taxonomies;

    if ( is_object($object) ) {
    if ( $object->post_type == ‘attachment’ )
    return get_attachment_taxonomies( $object, $output );
    $object = $object->post_type;
    }

    $object = (array) $object;

    $taxonomies = array();
    foreach ( (array) $wp_taxonomies as $tax_name => $tax_obj ) {
    if ( array_intersect($object, (array) $tax_obj->object_type) ) {
    if ( ‘names’ == $output )
    $taxonomies[] = $tax_name;
    else
    $taxonomies[ $tax_name ] = $tax_obj;
    }
    }

    return $taxonomies;
    }

    /**
    * Retrieves the taxonomy object of $taxonomy.
    *
    * The get_taxonomy function will first check that the parameter string given
    * is a taxonomy object and if it is, it will return it.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @global array $wp_taxonomies The registered taxonomies.
    *
    * @param string $taxonomy Name of taxonomy object to return.
    * @return WP_Taxonomy|false The Taxonomy Object or false if $taxonomy doesn’t exist.
    */
    function get_taxonomy( $taxonomy ) {
    global $wp_taxonomies;

    if ( ! taxonomy_exists( $taxonomy ) )
    return false;

    return $wp_taxonomies[$taxonomy];
    }

    /**
    * Checks that the taxonomy name exists.
    *
    * Formerly is_taxonomy(), introduced in 2.3.0.
    *
    * @since 3.0.0
    *
    * @global array $wp_taxonomies The registered taxonomies.
    *
    * @param string $taxonomy Name of taxonomy object.
    * @return bool Whether the taxonomy exists.
    */
    function taxonomy_exists( $taxonomy ) {
    global $wp_taxonomies;

    return isset( $wp_taxonomies[$taxonomy] );
    }

    /**
    * Whether the taxonomy object is hierarchical.
    *
    * Checks to make sure that the taxonomy is an object first. Then Gets the
    * object, and finally returns the hierarchical value in the object.
    *
    * A false return value might also mean that the taxonomy does not exist.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param string $taxonomy Name of taxonomy object.
    * @return bool Whether the taxonomy is hierarchical.
    */
    function is_taxonomy_hierarchical($taxonomy) {
    if ( ! taxonomy_exists($taxonomy) )
    return false;

    $taxonomy = get_taxonomy($taxonomy);
    return $taxonomy->hierarchical;
    }

    /**
    * Creates or modifies a taxonomy object.
    *
    * Note: Do not use before the {@see ‘init’} hook.
    *
    * A simple function for creating or modifying a taxonomy object based on
    * the parameters given. If modifying an existing taxonomy object, note
    * that the $object_type value from the original registration will be
    * overwritten.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    * @since 4.2.0 Introduced show_in_quick_edit argument.
    * @since 4.4.0 The show_ui argument is now enforced on the term editing screen.
    * @since 4.4.0 The public argument now controls whether the taxonomy can be queried on the front end.
    * @since 4.5.0 Introduced publicly_queryable argument.
    * @since 4.7.0 Introduced show_in_rest, ‘rest_base’ and ‘rest_controller_class’
    * arguments to register the Taxonomy in REST API.
    *
    * @global array $wp_taxonomies Registered taxonomies.
    *
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy key, must not exceed 32 characters.
    * @param array|string $object_type Object type or array of object types with which the taxonomy should be associated.
    * @param array|string $args {
    * Optional. Array or query string of arguments for registering a taxonomy.
    *
    * @type array $labels An array of labels for this taxonomy. By default, Tag labels are
    * used for non-hierarchical taxonomies, and Category labels are used
    * for hierarchical taxonomies. See accepted values in
    * get_taxonomy_labels(). Default empty array.
    * @type string $description A short descriptive summary of what the taxonomy is for. Default empty.
    * @type bool $public Whether a taxonomy is intended for use publicly either via
    * the admin interface or by front-end users. The default settings
    * of $publicly_queryable, $show_ui, and $show_in_nav_menus
    * are inherited from $public.
    * @type bool $publicly_queryable Whether the taxonomy is publicly queryable.
    * If not set, the default is inherited from $public
    * @type bool $hierarchical Whether the taxonomy is hierarchical. Default false.
    * @type bool $show_ui Whether to generate and allow a UI for managing terms in this taxonomy in
    * the admin. If not set, the default is inherited from $public
    * (default true).
    * @type bool $show_in_menu Whether to show the taxonomy in the admin menu. If true, the taxonomy is
    * shown as a submenu of the object type menu. If false, no menu is shown.
    * $show_ui must be true. If not set, default is inherited from $show_ui
    * (default true).
    * @type bool $show_in_nav_menus Makes this taxonomy available for selection in navigation menus. If not
    * set, the default is inherited from $public (default true).
    * @type bool $show_in_rest Whether to include the taxonomy in the REST API.
    * @type string $rest_base To change the base url of REST API route. Default is $taxonomy.
    * @type string $rest_controller_class REST API Controller class name. Default is ‘WP_REST_Terms_Controller’.
    * @type bool $show_tagcloud Whether to list the taxonomy in the Tag Cloud Widget controls. If not set,
    * the default is inherited from $show_ui (default true).
    * @type bool $show_in_quick_edit Whether to show the taxonomy in the quick/bulk edit panel. It not set,
    * the default is inherited from $show_ui (default true).
    * @type bool $show_admin_column Whether to display a column for the taxonomy on its post type listing
    * screens. Default false.
    * @type bool|callable $meta_box_cb Provide a callback function for the meta box display. If not set,
    * post_categories_meta_box() is used for hierarchical taxonomies, and
    * post_tags_meta_box() is used for non-hierarchical. If false, no meta
    * box is shown.
    * @type array $capabilities {
    * Array of capabilities for this taxonomy.
    *
    * @type string $manage_terms Default ‘manage_categories’.
    * @type string $edit_terms Default ‘manage_categories’.
    * @type string $delete_terms Default ‘manage_categories’.
    * @type string $assign_terms Default ‘edit_posts’.
    * }
    * @type bool|array $rewrite {
    * Triggers the handling of rewrites for this taxonomy. Default true, using $taxonomy as slug. To prevent
    * rewrite, set to false. To specify rewrite rules, an array can be passed with any of these keys:
    *
    * @type string $slug Customize the permastruct slug. Default $taxonomy key.
    * @type bool $with_front Should the permastruct be prepended with WP_Rewrite::$front. Default true.
    * @type bool $hierarchical Either hierarchical rewrite tag or not. Default false.
    * @type int $ep_mask Assign an endpoint mask. Default EP_NONE.
    * }
    * @type string $query_var Sets the query var key for this taxonomy. Default $taxonomy key. If
    * false, a taxonomy cannot be loaded at ?{query_var}={term_slug}. If a
    * string, the query ?{query_var}={term_slug} will be valid.
    * @type callable $update_count_callback Works much like a hook, in that it will be called when the count is
    * updated. Default _update_post_term_count() for taxonomies attached
    * to post types, which confirms that the objects are published before
    * counting them. Default _update_generic_term_count() for taxonomies
    * attached to other object types, such as users.
    * @type bool $_builtin This taxonomy is a “built-in” taxonomy. INTERNAL USE ONLY!
    * Default false.
    * }
    * @return WP_Error|void WP_Error, if errors.
    */
    function register_taxonomy( $taxonomy, $object_type, $args = array() ) {
    global $wp_taxonomies;

    if ( ! is_array( $wp_taxonomies ) )
    $wp_taxonomies = array();

    $args = wp_parse_args( $args );

    if ( empty( $taxonomy ) || strlen( $taxonomy ) > 32 ) {
    _doing_it_wrong( __FUNCTION__, __( ‘Taxonomy names must be between 1 and 32 characters in length.’ ), ‘4.2.0’ );
    return new WP_Error( ‘taxonomy_length_invalid’, __( ‘Taxonomy names must be between 1 and 32 characters in length.’ ) );
    }

    $taxonomy_object = new WP_Taxonomy( $taxonomy, $object_type, $args );
    $taxonomy_object->add_rewrite_rules();

    $wp_taxonomies[ $taxonomy ] = $taxonomy_object;

    $taxonomy_object->add_hooks();

    /**
    * Fires after a taxonomy is registered.
    *
    * @since 3.3.0
    *
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    * @param array|string $object_type Object type or array of object types.
    * @param array $args Array of taxonomy registration arguments.
    */
    do_action( ‘registered_taxonomy’, $taxonomy, $object_type, (array) $taxonomy_object );
    }

    /**
    * Unregisters a taxonomy.
    *
    * Can not be used to unregister built-in taxonomies.
    *
    * @since 4.5.0
    *
    * @global WP $wp Current WordPress environment instance.
    * @global array $wp_taxonomies List of taxonomies.
    *
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy name.
    * @return bool|WP_Error True on success, WP_Error on failure or if the taxonomy doesn’t exist.
    */
    function unregister_taxonomy( $taxonomy ) {
    if ( ! taxonomy_exists( $taxonomy ) ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘invalid_taxonomy’, __( ‘Invalid taxonomy.’ ) );
    }

    $taxonomy_object = get_taxonomy( $taxonomy );

    // Do not allow unregistering internal taxonomies.
    if ( $taxonomy_object->_builtin ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘invalid_taxonomy’, __( ‘Unregistering a built-in taxonomy is not allowed.’ ) );
    }

    global $wp_taxonomies;

    $taxonomy_object->remove_rewrite_rules();
    $taxonomy_object->remove_hooks();

    // Remove the taxonomy.
    unset( $wp_taxonomies[ $taxonomy ] );

    /**
    * Fires after a taxonomy is unregistered.
    *
    * @since 4.5.0
    *
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy name.
    */
    do_action( ‘unregistered_taxonomy’, $taxonomy );

    return true;
    }

    /**
    * Builds an object with all taxonomy labels out of a taxonomy object.
    *
    * @since 3.0.0
    * @since 4.3.0 Added the no_terms label.
    * @since 4.4.0 Added the items_list_navigation and items_list labels.
    * @since 4.9.0 Added the most_used and back_to_items labels.
    *
    * @param WP_Taxonomy $tax Taxonomy object.
    * @return object {
    * Taxonomy labels object. The first default value is for non-hierarchical taxonomies
    * (like tags) and the second one is for hierarchical taxonomies (like categories).
    *
    * @type string $name General name for the taxonomy, usually plural. The same
    * as and overridden by $tax->label. Default ‘Tags’/’Categories’.
    * @type string $singular_name Name for one object of this taxonomy. Default ‘Tag’/’Category’.
    * @type string $search_items Default ‘Search Tags’/’Search Categories’.
    * @type string $popular_items This label is only used for non-hierarchical taxonomies.
    * Default ‘Popular Tags’.
    * @type string $all_items Default ‘All Tags’/’All Categories’.
    * @type string $parent_item This label is only used for hierarchical taxonomies. Default
    * ‘Parent Category’.
    * @type string $parent_item_colon The same as parent_item, but with colon : in the end.
    * @type string $edit_item Default ‘Edit Tag’/’Edit Category’.
    * @type string $view_item Default ‘View Tag’/’View Category’.
    * @type string $update_item Default ‘Update Tag’/’Update Category’.
    * @type string $add_new_item Default ‘Add New Tag’/’Add New Category’.
    * @type string $new_item_name Default ‘New Tag Name’/’New Category Name’.
    * @type string $separate_items_with_commas This label is only used for non-hierarchical taxonomies. Default
    * ‘Separate tags with commas’, used in the meta box.
    * @type string $add_or_remove_items This label is only used for non-hierarchical taxonomies. Default
    * ‘Add or remove tags’, used in the meta box when JavaScript
    * is disabled.
    * @type string $choose_from_most_used This label is only used on non-hierarchical taxonomies. Default
    * ‘Choose from the most used tags’, used in the meta box.
    * @type string $not_found Default ‘No tags found’/’No categories found’, used in
    * the meta box and taxonomy list table.
    * @type string $no_terms Default ‘No tags’/’No categories’, used in the posts and media
    * list tables.
    * @type string $items_list_navigation Label for the table pagination hidden heading.
    * @type string $items_list Label for the table hidden heading.
    * @type string $most_used Title for the Most Used tab. Default ‘Most Used’.
    * @type string $back_to_items Label displayed after a term has been updated.
    * }
    */
    function get_taxonomy_labels( $tax ) {
    $tax->labels = (array) $tax->labels;

    if ( isset( $tax->helps ) && empty( $tax->labels[‘separate_items_with_commas’] ) )
    $tax->labels[‘separate_items_with_commas’] = $tax->helps;

    if ( isset( $tax->no_tagcloud ) && empty( $tax->labels[‘not_found’] ) )
    $tax->labels[‘not_found’] = $tax->no_tagcloud;

    $nohier_vs_hier_defaults = array(
    ‘name’ => array( _x( ‘Tags’, ‘taxonomy general name’ ), _x( ‘Categories’, ‘taxonomy general name’ ) ),
    ‘singular_name’ => array( _x( ‘Tag’, ‘taxonomy singular name’ ), _x( ‘Category’, ‘taxonomy singular name’ ) ),
    ‘search_items’ => array( __( ‘Search Tags’ ), __( ‘Search Categories’ ) ),
    ‘popular_items’ => array( __( ‘Popular Tags’ ), null ),
    ‘all_items’ => array( __( ‘All Tags’ ), __( ‘All Categories’ ) ),
    ‘parent_item’ => array( null, __( ‘Parent Category’ ) ),
    ‘parent_item_colon’ => array( null, __( ‘Parent Category:’ ) ),
    ‘edit_item’ => array( __( ‘Edit Tag’ ), __( ‘Edit Category’ ) ),
    ‘view_item’ => array( __( ‘View Tag’ ), __( ‘View Category’ ) ),
    ‘update_item’ => array( __( ‘Update Tag’ ), __( ‘Update Category’ ) ),
    ‘add_new_item’ => array( __( ‘Add New Tag’ ), __( ‘Add New Category’ ) ),
    ‘new_item_name’ => array( __( ‘New Tag Name’ ), __( ‘New Category Name’ ) ),
    ‘separate_items_with_commas’ => array( __( ‘Separate tags with commas’ ), null ),
    ‘add_or_remove_items’ => array( __( ‘Add or remove tags’ ), null ),
    ‘choose_from_most_used’ => array( __( ‘Choose from the most used tags’ ), null ),
    ‘not_found’ => array( __( ‘No tags found.’ ), __( ‘No categories found.’ ) ),
    ‘no_terms’ => array( __( ‘No tags’ ), __( ‘No categories’ ) ),
    ‘items_list_navigation’ => array( __( ‘Tags list navigation’ ), __( ‘Categories list navigation’ ) ),
    ‘items_list’ => array( __( ‘Tags list’ ), __( ‘Categories list’ ) ),
    /* translators: Tab heading when selecting from the most used terms */
    ‘most_used’ => array( _x( ‘Most Used’, ‘tags’ ), _x( ‘Most Used’, ‘categories’ ) ),
    ‘back_to_items’ => array( __( ‘← Back to Tags’ ), __( ‘← Back to Categories’ ) ),
    );
    $nohier_vs_hier_defaults[‘menu_name’] = $nohier_vs_hier_defaults[‘name’];

    $labels = _get_custom_object_labels( $tax, $nohier_vs_hier_defaults );

    $taxonomy = $tax->name;

    $default_labels = clone $labels;

    /**
    * Filters the labels of a specific taxonomy.
    *
    * The dynamic portion of the hook name, $taxonomy, refers to the taxonomy slug.
    *
    * @since 4.4.0
    *
    * @see get_taxonomy_labels() for the full list of taxonomy labels.
    *
    * @param object $labels Object with labels for the taxonomy as member variables.
    */
    $labels = apply_filters( “taxonomy_labels_{$taxonomy}”, $labels );

    // Ensure that the filtered labels contain all required default values.
    $labels = (object) array_merge( (array) $default_labels, (array) $labels );

    return $labels;
    }

    /**
    * Add an already registered taxonomy to an object type.
    *
    * @since 3.0.0
    *
    * @global array $wp_taxonomies The registered taxonomies.
    *
    * @param string $taxonomy Name of taxonomy object.
    * @param string $object_type Name of the object type.
    * @return bool True if successful, false if not.
    */
    function register_taxonomy_for_object_type( $taxonomy, $object_type) {
    global $wp_taxonomies;

    if ( !isset($wp_taxonomies[$taxonomy]) )
    return false;

    if ( ! get_post_type_object($object_type) )
    return false;

    if ( ! in_array( $object_type, $wp_taxonomies[$taxonomy]->object_type ) )
    $wp_taxonomies[$taxonomy]->object_type[] = $object_type;

    // Filter out empties.
    $wp_taxonomies[ $taxonomy ]->object_type = array_filter( $wp_taxonomies[ $taxonomy ]->object_type );

    return true;
    }

    /**
    * Remove an already registered taxonomy from an object type.
    *
    * @since 3.7.0
    *
    * @global array $wp_taxonomies The registered taxonomies.
    *
    * @param string $taxonomy Name of taxonomy object.
    * @param string $object_type Name of the object type.
    * @return bool True if successful, false if not.
    */
    function unregister_taxonomy_for_object_type( $taxonomy, $object_type ) {
    global $wp_taxonomies;

    if ( ! isset( $wp_taxonomies[ $taxonomy ] ) )
    return false;

    if ( ! get_post_type_object( $object_type ) )
    return false;

    $key = array_search( $object_type, $wp_taxonomies[ $taxonomy ]->object_type, true );
    if ( false === $key )
    return false;

    unset( $wp_taxonomies[ $taxonomy ]->object_type[ $key ] );
    return true;
    }

    //
    // Term API
    //

    /**
    * Retrieve object_ids of valid taxonomy and term.
    *
    * The strings of $taxonomies must exist before this function will continue. On
    * failure of finding a valid taxonomy, it will return an WP_Error class, kind
    * of like Exceptions in PHP 5, except you can’t catch them. Even so, you can
    * still test for the WP_Error class and get the error message.
    *
    * The $terms aren’t checked the same as $taxonomies, but still need to exist
    * for $object_ids to be returned.
    *
    * It is possible to change the order that object_ids is returned by either
    * using PHP sort family functions or using the database by using $args with
    * either ASC or DESC array. The value should be in the key named ‘order’.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
    *
    * @param int|array $term_ids Term id or array of term ids of terms that will be used.
    * @param string|array $taxonomies String of taxonomy name or Array of string values of taxonomy names.
    * @param array|string $args Change the order of the object_ids, either ASC or DESC.
    * @return WP_Error|array If the taxonomy does not exist, then WP_Error will be returned. On success.
    * the array can be empty meaning that there are no $object_ids found or it will return the $object_ids found.
    */
    function get_objects_in_term( $term_ids, $taxonomies, $args = array() ) {
    global $wpdb;

    if ( ! is_array( $term_ids ) ) {
    $term_ids = array( $term_ids );
    }
    if ( ! is_array( $taxonomies ) ) {
    $taxonomies = array( $taxonomies );
    }
    foreach ( (array) $taxonomies as $taxonomy ) {
    if ( ! taxonomy_exists( $taxonomy ) ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘invalid_taxonomy’, __( ‘Invalid taxonomy.’ ) );
    }
    }

    $defaults = array( ‘order’ => ‘ASC’ );
    $args = wp_parse_args( $args, $defaults );

    $order = ( ‘desc’ == strtolower( $args[‘order’] ) ) ? ‘DESC’ : ‘ASC’;

    $term_ids = array_map(‘intval’, $term_ids );

    $taxonomies = “‘” . implode( “‘, ‘”, array_map( ‘esc_sql’, $taxonomies ) ) . “‘”;
    $term_ids = “‘” . implode( “‘, ‘”, $term_ids ) . “‘”;

    $sql = “SELECT tr.object_id FROM $wpdb->term_relationships AS tr INNER JOIN $wpdb->term_taxonomy AS tt ON tr.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id WHERE tt.taxonomy IN ($taxonomies) AND tt.term_id IN ($term_ids) ORDER BY tr.object_id $order”;

    $last_changed = wp_cache_get_last_changed( ‘terms’ );
    $cache_key = ‘get_objects_in_term:’ . md5( $sql ) . “:$last_changed”;
    $cache = wp_cache_get( $cache_key, ‘terms’ );
    if ( false === $cache ) {
    $object_ids = $wpdb->get_col( $sql );
    wp_cache_set( $cache_key, $object_ids, ‘terms’ );
    } else {
    $object_ids = (array) $cache;
    }

    if ( ! $object_ids ){
    return array();
    }
    return $object_ids;
    }

    /**
    * Given a taxonomy query, generates SQL to be appended to a main query.
    *
    * @since 3.1.0
    *
    * @see WP_Tax_Query
    *
    * @param array $tax_query A compact tax query
    * @param string $primary_table
    * @param string $primary_id_column
    * @return array
    */
    function get_tax_sql( $tax_query, $primary_table, $primary_id_column ) {
    $tax_query_obj = new WP_Tax_Query( $tax_query );
    return $tax_query_obj->get_sql( $primary_table, $primary_id_column );
    }

    /**
    * Get all Term data from database by Term ID.
    *
    * The usage of the get_term function is to apply filters to a term object. It
    * is possible to get a term object from the database before applying the
    * filters.
    *
    * $term ID must be part of $taxonomy, to get from the database. Failure, might
    * be able to be captured by the hooks. Failure would be the same value as $wpdb
    * returns for the get_row method.
    *
    * There are two hooks, one is specifically for each term, named ‘get_term’, and
    * the second is for the taxonomy name, ‘term_$taxonomy’. Both hooks gets the
    * term object, and the taxonomy name as parameters. Both hooks are expected to
    * return a Term object.
    *
    * {@see ‘get_term’} hook – Takes two parameters the term Object and the taxonomy name.
    * Must return term object. Used in get_term() as a catch-all filter for every
    * $term.
    *
    * {@see ‘get_$taxonomy’} hook – Takes two parameters the term Object and the taxonomy
    * name. Must return term object. $taxonomy will be the taxonomy name, so for
    * example, if ‘category’, it would be ‘get_category’ as the filter name. Useful
    * for custom taxonomies or plugging into default taxonomies.
    *
    * @todo Better formatting for DocBlock
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    * @since 4.4.0 Converted to return a WP_Term object if $output is OBJECT.
    * The $taxonomy parameter was made optional.
    *
    * @see sanitize_term_field() The $context param lists the available values for get_term_by() $filter param.
    *
    * @param int|WP_Term|object $term If integer, term data will be fetched from the database, or from the cache if
    * available. If stdClass object (as in the results of a database query), will apply
    * filters and return a WP_Term object corresponding to the $term data. If WP_Term,
    * will return $term.
    * @param string $taxonomy Optional. Taxonomy name that $term is part of.
    * @param string $output Optional. The required return type. One of OBJECT, ARRAY_A, or ARRAY_N, which correspond to
    * a WP_Term object, an associative array, or a numeric array, respectively. Default OBJECT.
    * @param string $filter Optional, default is raw or no WordPress defined filter will applied.
    * @return array|WP_Term|WP_Error|null Object of the type specified by $output on success. When $output is ‘OBJECT’,
    * a WP_Term instance is returned. If taxonomy does not exist, a WP_Error is
    * returned. Returns null for miscellaneous failure.
    */
    function get_term( $term, $taxonomy = ”, $output = OBJECT, $filter = ‘raw’ ) {
    if ( empty( $term ) ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘invalid_term’, __( ‘Empty Term.’ ) );
    }

    if ( $taxonomy && ! taxonomy_exists( $taxonomy ) ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘invalid_taxonomy’, __( ‘Invalid taxonomy.’ ) );
    }

    if ( $term instanceof WP_Term ) {
    $_term = $term;
    } elseif ( is_object( $term ) ) {
    if ( empty( $term->filter ) || ‘raw’ === $term->filter ) {
    $_term = sanitize_term( $term, $taxonomy, ‘raw’ );
    $_term = new WP_Term( $_term );
    } else {
    $_term = WP_Term::get_instance( $term->term_id );
    }
    } else {
    $_term = WP_Term::get_instance( $term, $taxonomy );
    }

    if ( is_wp_error( $_term ) ) {
    return $_term;
    } elseif ( ! $_term ) {
    return null;
    }

    /**
    * Filters a term.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    * @since 4.4.0 $_term can now also be a WP_Term object.
    *
    * @param int|WP_Term $_term Term object or ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy The taxonomy slug.
    */
    $_term = apply_filters( ‘get_term’, $_term, $taxonomy );

    /**
    * Filters a taxonomy.
    *
    * The dynamic portion of the filter name, $taxonomy, refers
    * to the taxonomy slug.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    * @since 4.4.0 $_term can now also be a WP_Term object.
    *
    * @param int|WP_Term $_term Term object or ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy The taxonomy slug.
    */
    $_term = apply_filters( “get_{$taxonomy}”, $_term, $taxonomy );

    // Bail if a filter callback has changed the type of the $_term object.
    if ( ! ( $_term instanceof WP_Term ) ) {
    return $_term;
    }

    // Sanitize term, according to the specified filter.
    $_term->filter( $filter );

    if ( $output == ARRAY_A ) {
    return $_term->to_array();
    } elseif ( $output == ARRAY_N ) {
    return array_values( $_term->to_array() );
    }

    return $_term;
    }

    /**
    * Get all Term data from database by Term field and data.
    *
    * Warning: $value is not escaped for ‘name’ $field. You must do it yourself, if
    * required.
    *
    * The default $field is ‘id’, therefore it is possible to also use null for
    * field, but not recommended that you do so.
    *
    * If $value does not exist, the return value will be false. If $taxonomy exists
    * and $field and $value combinations exist, the Term will be returned.
    *
    * This function will always return the first term that matches the $field–
    * $value–$taxonomy combination specified in the parameters. If your query
    * is likely to match more than one term (as is likely to be the case when
    * $field is ‘name’, for example), consider using get_terms() instead; that
    * way, you will get all matching terms, and can provide your own logic for
    * deciding which one was intended.
    *
    * @todo Better formatting for DocBlock.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    * @since 4.4.0 $taxonomy is optional if $field is ‘term_taxonomy_id’. Converted to return
    * a WP_Term object if $output is OBJECT.
    *
    * @see sanitize_term_field() The $context param lists the available values for get_term_by() $filter param.
    *
    * @param string $field Either ‘slug’, ‘name’, ‘id’ (term_id), or ‘term_taxonomy_id’
    * @param string|int $value Search for this term value
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy name. Optional, if $field is ‘term_taxonomy_id’.
    * @param string $output Optional. The required return type. One of OBJECT, ARRAY_A, or ARRAY_N, which correspond to
    * a WP_Term object, an associative array, or a numeric array, respectively. Default OBJECT.
    * @param string $filter Optional, default is raw or no WordPress defined filter will applied.
    * @return WP_Term|array|false WP_Term instance (or array) on success. Will return false if $taxonomy does not exist
    * or $term was not found.
    */
    function get_term_by( $field, $value, $taxonomy = ”, $output = OBJECT, $filter = ‘raw’ ) {

    // ‘term_taxonomy_id’ lookups don’t require taxonomy checks.
    if ( ‘term_taxonomy_id’ !== $field && ! taxonomy_exists( $taxonomy ) ) {
    return false;
    }

    // No need to perform a query for empty ‘slug’ or ‘name’.
    if ( ‘slug’ === $field || ‘name’ === $field ) {
    $value = (string) $value;

    if ( 0 === strlen( $value ) ) {
    return false;
    }
    }

    if ( ‘id’ === $field || ‘term_id’ === $field ) {
    $term = get_term( (int) $value, $taxonomy, $output, $filter );
    if ( is_wp_error( $term ) || null === $term ) {
    $term = false;
    }
    return $term;
    }

    $args = array(
    ‘get’ => ‘all’,
    ‘number’ => 1,
    ‘taxonomy’ => $taxonomy,
    ‘update_term_meta_cache’ => false,
    ‘orderby’ => ‘none’,
    ‘suppress_filter’ => true,
    );

    switch ( $field ) {
    case ‘slug’ :
    $args[‘slug’] = $value;
    break;
    case ‘name’ :
    $args[‘name’] = $value;
    break;
    case ‘term_taxonomy_id’ :
    $args[‘term_taxonomy_id’] = $value;
    unset( $args[ ‘taxonomy’ ] );
    break;
    default :
    return false;
    }

    $terms = get_terms( $args );
    if ( is_wp_error( $terms ) || empty( $terms ) ) {
    return false;
    }

    $term = array_shift( $terms );

    // In the case of ‘term_taxonomy_id’, override the provided $taxonomy with whatever we find in the db.
    if ( ‘term_taxonomy_id’ === $field ) {
    $taxonomy = $term->taxonomy;
    }

    return get_term( $term, $taxonomy, $output, $filter );
    }

    /**
    * Merge all term children into a single array of their IDs.
    *
    * This recursive function will merge all of the children of $term into the same
    * array of term IDs. Only useful for taxonomies which are hierarchical.
    *
    * Will return an empty array if $term does not exist in $taxonomy.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id ID of Term to get children.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy Name.
    * @return array|WP_Error List of Term IDs. WP_Error returned if $taxonomy does not exist.
    */
    function get_term_children( $term_id, $taxonomy ) {
    if ( ! taxonomy_exists( $taxonomy ) ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘invalid_taxonomy’, __( ‘Invalid taxonomy.’ ) );
    }

    $term_id = intval( $term_id );

    $terms = _get_term_hierarchy($taxonomy);

    if ( ! isset($terms[$term_id]) )
    return array();

    $children = $terms[$term_id];

    foreach ( (array) $terms[$term_id] as $child ) {
    if ( $term_id == $child ) {
    continue;
    }

    if ( isset($terms[$child]) )
    $children = array_merge($children, get_term_children($child, $taxonomy));
    }

    return $children;
    }

    /**
    * Get sanitized Term field.
    *
    * The function is for contextual reasons and for simplicity of usage.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    * @since 4.4.0 The $taxonomy parameter was made optional. $term can also now accept a WP_Term object.
    *
    * @see sanitize_term_field()
    *
    * @param string $field Term field to fetch.
    * @param int|WP_Term $term Term ID or object.
    * @param string $taxonomy Optional. Taxonomy Name. Default empty.
    * @param string $context Optional, default is display. Look at sanitize_term_field() for available options.
    * @return string|int|null|WP_Error Will return an empty string if $term is not an object or if $field is not set in $term.
    */
    function get_term_field( $field, $term, $taxonomy = ”, $context = ‘display’ ) {
    $term = get_term( $term, $taxonomy );
    if ( is_wp_error($term) )
    return $term;

    if ( !is_object($term) )
    return ”;

    if ( !isset($term->$field) )
    return ”;

    return sanitize_term_field( $field, $term->$field, $term->term_id, $term->taxonomy, $context );
    }

    /**
    * Sanitizes Term for editing.
    *
    * Return value is sanitize_term() and usage is for sanitizing the term for
    * editing. Function is for contextual and simplicity.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param int|object $id Term ID or object.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy name.
    * @return string|int|null|WP_Error Will return empty string if $term is not an object.
    */
    function get_term_to_edit( $id, $taxonomy ) {
    $term = get_term( $id, $taxonomy );

    if ( is_wp_error($term) )
    return $term;

    if ( !is_object($term) )
    return ”;

    return sanitize_term($term, $taxonomy, ‘edit’);
    }

    /**
    * Retrieve the terms in a given taxonomy or list of taxonomies.
    *
    * You can fully inject any customizations to the query before it is sent, as
    * well as control the output with a filter.
    *
    * The {@see ‘get_terms’} filter will be called when the cache has the term and will
    * pass the found term along with the array of $taxonomies and array of $args.
    * This filter is also called before the array of terms is passed and will pass
    * the array of terms, along with the $taxonomies and $args.
    *
    * The {@see ‘list_terms_exclusions’} filter passes the compiled exclusions along with
    * the $args.
    *
    * The {@see ‘get_terms_orderby’} filter passes the ORDER BY clause for the query
    * along with the $args array.
    *
    * Prior to 4.5.0, the first parameter of get_terms() was a taxonomy or list of taxonomies:
    *
    * $terms = get_terms( ‘post_tag’, array(
    * ‘hide_empty’ => false,
    * ) );
    *
    * Since 4.5.0, taxonomies should be passed via the ‘taxonomy’ argument in the $args array:
    *
    * $terms = get_terms( array(
    * ‘taxonomy’ => ‘post_tag’,
    * ‘hide_empty’ => false,
    * ) );
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    * @since 4.2.0 Introduced ‘name’ and ‘childless’ parameters.
    * @since 4.4.0 Introduced the ability to pass ‘term_id’ as an alias of ‘id’ for the orderby parameter.
    * Introduced the ‘meta_query’ and ‘update_term_meta_cache’ parameters. Converted to return
    * a list of WP_Term objects.
    * @since 4.5.0 Changed the function signature so that the $args array can be provided as the first parameter.
    * Introduced ‘meta_key’ and ‘meta_value’ parameters. Introduced the ability to order results by metadata.
    * @since 4.8.0 Introduced ‘suppress_filter’ parameter.
    *
    * @internal The $deprecated parameter is parsed for backward compatibility only.
    *
    * @param string|array $args Optional. Array or string of arguments. See WP_Term_Query::__construct()
    * for information on accepted arguments. Default empty.
    * @param array $deprecated Argument array, when using the legacy function parameter format. If present, this
    * parameter will be interpreted as $args, and the first function parameter will
    * be parsed as a taxonomy or array of taxonomies.
    * @return array|int|WP_Error List of WP_Term instances and their children. Will return WP_Error, if any of $taxonomies
    * do not exist.
    */
    function get_terms( $args = array(), $deprecated = ” ) {
    $term_query = new WP_Term_Query();

    $defaults = array(
    ‘suppress_filter’ => false,
    );

    /*
    * Legacy argument format ($taxonomy, $args) takes precedence.
    *
    * We detect legacy argument format by checking if
    * (a) a second non-empty parameter is passed, or
    * (b) the first parameter shares no keys with the default array (ie, it’s a list of taxonomies)
    */
    $_args = wp_parse_args( $args );
    $key_intersect = array_intersect_key( $term_query->query_var_defaults, (array) $_args );
    $do_legacy_args = $deprecated || empty( $key_intersect );

    if ( $do_legacy_args ) {
    $taxonomies = (array) $args;
    $args = wp_parse_args( $deprecated, $defaults );
    $args[‘taxonomy’] = $taxonomies;
    } else {
    $args = wp_parse_args( $args, $defaults );
    if ( isset( $args[‘taxonomy’] ) && null !== $args[‘taxonomy’] ) {
    $args[‘taxonomy’] = (array) $args[‘taxonomy’];
    }
    }

    if ( ! empty( $args[‘taxonomy’] ) ) {
    foreach ( $args[‘taxonomy’] as $taxonomy ) {
    if ( ! taxonomy_exists( $taxonomy ) ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘invalid_taxonomy’, __( ‘Invalid taxonomy.’ ) );
    }
    }
    }

    // Don’t pass suppress_filter to WP_Term_Query.
    $suppress_filter = $args[‘suppress_filter’];
    unset( $args[‘suppress_filter’] );

    $terms = $term_query->query( $args );

    // Count queries are not filtered, for legacy reasons.
    if ( ! is_array( $terms ) ) {
    return $terms;
    }

    if ( $suppress_filter ) {
    return $terms;
    }

    /**
    * Filters the found terms.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    * @since 4.6.0 Added the $term_query parameter.
    *
    * @param array $terms Array of found terms.
    * @param array $taxonomies An array of taxonomies.
    * @param array $args An array of get_terms() arguments.
    * @param WP_Term_Query $term_query The WP_Term_Query object.
    */
    return apply_filters( ‘get_terms’, $terms, $term_query->query_vars[‘taxonomy’], $term_query->query_vars, $term_query );
    }

    /**
    * Adds metadata to a term.
    *
    * @since 4.4.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param string $meta_key Metadata name.
    * @param mixed $meta_value Metadata value.
    * @param bool $unique Optional. Whether to bail if an entry with the same key is found for the term.
    * Default false.
    * @return int|WP_Error|bool Meta ID on success. WP_Error when term_id is ambiguous between taxonomies.
    * False on failure.
    */
    function add_term_meta( $term_id, $meta_key, $meta_value, $unique = false ) {
    // Bail if term meta table is not installed.
    if ( get_option( ‘db_version’ ) < 34370 ) {
    return false;
    }

    if ( wp_term_is_shared( $term_id ) ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘ambiguous_term_id’, __( ‘Term meta cannot be added to terms that are shared between taxonomies.’), $term_id );
    }

    $added = add_metadata( ‘term’, $term_id, $meta_key, $meta_value, $unique );

    // Bust term query cache.
    if ( $added ) {
    wp_cache_set( ‘last_changed’, microtime(), ‘terms’ );
    }

    return $added;
    }

    /**
    * Removes metadata matching criteria from a term.
    *
    * @since 4.4.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param string $meta_key Metadata name.
    * @param mixed $meta_value Optional. Metadata value. If provided, rows will only be removed that match the value.
    * @return bool True on success, false on failure.
    */
    function delete_term_meta( $term_id, $meta_key, $meta_value = ” ) {
    // Bail if term meta table is not installed.
    if ( get_option( ‘db_version’ ) < 34370 ) {
    return false;
    }

    $deleted = delete_metadata( ‘term’, $term_id, $meta_key, $meta_value );

    // Bust term query cache.
    if ( $deleted ) {
    wp_cache_set( ‘last_changed’, microtime(), ‘terms’ );
    }

    return $deleted;
    }

    /**
    * Retrieves metadata for a term.
    *
    * @since 4.4.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param string $key Optional. The meta key to retrieve. If no key is provided, fetches all metadata for the term.
    * @param bool $single Whether to return a single value. If false, an array of all values matching the
    * $term_id/$key pair will be returned. Default: false.
    * @return mixed If $single is false, an array of metadata values. If $single is true, a single metadata value.
    */
    function get_term_meta( $term_id, $key = ”, $single = false ) {
    // Bail if term meta table is not installed.
    if ( get_option( ‘db_version’ ) < 34370 ) {
    return false;
    }

    return get_metadata( ‘term’, $term_id, $key, $single );
    }

    /**
    * Updates term metadata.
    *
    * Use the $prev_value parameter to differentiate between meta fields with the same key and term ID.
    *
    * If the meta field for the term does not exist, it will be added.
    *
    * @since 4.4.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param string $meta_key Metadata key.
    * @param mixed $meta_value Metadata value.
    * @param mixed $prev_value Optional. Previous value to check before removing.
    * @return int|WP_Error|bool Meta ID if the key didn’t previously exist. True on successful update.
    * WP_Error when term_id is ambiguous between taxonomies. False on failure.
    */
    function update_term_meta( $term_id, $meta_key, $meta_value, $prev_value = ” ) {
    // Bail if term meta table is not installed.
    if ( get_option( ‘db_version’ ) < 34370 ) {
    return false;
    }

    if ( wp_term_is_shared( $term_id ) ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘ambiguous_term_id’, __( ‘Term meta cannot be added to terms that are shared between taxonomies.’), $term_id );
    }

    $updated = update_metadata( ‘term’, $term_id, $meta_key, $meta_value, $prev_value );

    // Bust term query cache.
    if ( $updated ) {
    wp_cache_set( ‘last_changed’, microtime(), ‘terms’ );
    }

    return $updated;
    }

    /**
    * Updates metadata cache for list of term IDs.
    *
    * Performs SQL query to retrieve all metadata for the terms matching $term_ids and stores them in the cache.
    * Subsequent calls to get_term_meta() will not need to query the database.
    *
    * @since 4.4.0
    *
    * @param array $term_ids List of term IDs.
    * @return array|false Returns false if there is nothing to update. Returns an array of metadata on success.
    */
    function update_termmeta_cache( $term_ids ) {
    // Bail if term meta table is not installed.
    if ( get_option( ‘db_version’ ) < 34370 ) {
    return;
    }

    return update_meta_cache( ‘term’, $term_ids );
    }

    /**
    * Get all meta data, including meta IDs, for the given term ID.
    *
    * @since 4.9.0
    *
    * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
    *
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @return array|false Array with meta data, or false when the meta table is not installed.
    */
    function has_term_meta( $term_id ) {
    // Bail if term meta table is not installed.
    if ( get_option( ‘db_version’ ) < 34370 ) {
    return false;
    }

    global $wpdb;

    return $wpdb->get_results( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT meta_key, meta_value, meta_id, term_id FROM $wpdb->termmeta WHERE term_id = %d ORDER BY meta_key,meta_id”, $term_id ), ARRAY_A );
    }

    /**
    * Check if Term exists.
    *
    * Formerly is_term(), introduced in 2.3.0.
    *
    * @since 3.0.0
    *
    * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
    *
    * @param int|string $term The term to check. Accepts term ID, slug, or name.
    * @param string $taxonomy The taxonomy name to use
    * @param int $parent Optional. ID of parent term under which to confine the exists search.
    * @return mixed Returns null if the term does not exist. Returns the term ID
    * if no taxonomy is specified and the term ID exists. Returns
    * an array of the term ID and the term taxonomy ID the taxonomy
    * is specified and the pairing exists.
    */
    function term_exists( $term, $taxonomy = ”, $parent = null ) {
    global $wpdb;

    $select = “SELECT term_id FROM $wpdb->terms as t WHERE “;
    $tax_select = “SELECT tt.term_id, tt.term_taxonomy_id FROM $wpdb->terms AS t INNER JOIN $wpdb->term_taxonomy as tt ON tt.term_id = t.term_id WHERE “;

    if ( is_int($term) ) {
    if ( 0 == $term )
    return 0;
    $where = ‘t.term_id = %d’;
    if ( !empty($taxonomy) )
    return $wpdb->get_row( $wpdb->prepare( $tax_select . $where . ” AND tt.taxonomy = %s”, $term, $taxonomy ), ARRAY_A );
    else
    return $wpdb->get_var( $wpdb->prepare( $select . $where, $term ) );
    }

    $term = trim( wp_unslash( $term ) );
    $slug = sanitize_title( $term );

    $where = ‘t.slug = %s’;
    $else_where = ‘t.name = %s’;
    $where_fields = array($slug);
    $else_where_fields = array($term);
    $orderby = ‘ORDER BY t.term_id ASC’;
    $limit = ‘LIMIT 1’;
    if ( !empty($taxonomy) ) {
    if ( is_numeric( $parent ) ) {
    $parent = (int) $parent;
    $where_fields[] = $parent;
    $else_where_fields[] = $parent;
    $where .= ‘ AND tt.parent = %d’;
    $else_where .= ‘ AND tt.parent = %d’;
    }

    $where_fields[] = $taxonomy;
    $else_where_fields[] = $taxonomy;

    if ( $result = $wpdb->get_row( $wpdb->prepare(“SELECT tt.term_id, tt.term_taxonomy_id FROM $wpdb->terms AS t INNER JOIN $wpdb->term_taxonomy as tt ON tt.term_id = t.term_id WHERE $where AND tt.taxonomy = %s $orderby $limit”, $where_fields), ARRAY_A) )
    return $result;

    return $wpdb->get_row( $wpdb->prepare(“SELECT tt.term_id, tt.term_taxonomy_id FROM $wpdb->terms AS t INNER JOIN $wpdb->term_taxonomy as tt ON tt.term_id = t.term_id WHERE $else_where AND tt.taxonomy = %s $orderby $limit”, $else_where_fields), ARRAY_A);
    }

    if ( $result = $wpdb->get_var( $wpdb->prepare(“SELECT term_id FROM $wpdb->terms as t WHERE $where $orderby $limit”, $where_fields) ) )
    return $result;

    return $wpdb->get_var( $wpdb->prepare(“SELECT term_id FROM $wpdb->terms as t WHERE $else_where $orderby $limit”, $else_where_fields) );
    }

    /**
    * Check if a term is an ancestor of another term.
    *
    * You can use either an id or the term object for both parameters.
    *
    * @since 3.4.0
    *
    * @param int|object $term1 ID or object to check if this is the parent term.
    * @param int|object $term2 The child term.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy name that $term1 and $term2 belong to.
    * @return bool Whether $term2 is a child of $term1.
    */
    function term_is_ancestor_of( $term1, $term2, $taxonomy ) {
    if ( ! isset( $term1->term_id ) )
    $term1 = get_term( $term1, $taxonomy );
    if ( ! isset( $term2->parent ) )
    $term2 = get_term( $term2, $taxonomy );

    if ( empty( $term1->term_id ) || empty( $term2->parent ) )
    return false;
    if ( $term2->parent == $term1->term_id )
    return true;

    return term_is_ancestor_of( $term1, get_term( $term2->parent, $taxonomy ), $taxonomy );
    }

    /**
    * Sanitize Term all fields.
    *
    * Relies on sanitize_term_field() to sanitize the term. The difference is that
    * this function will sanitize all fields. The context is based
    * on sanitize_term_field().
    *
    * The $term is expected to be either an array or an object.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param array|object $term The term to check.
    * @param string $taxonomy The taxonomy name to use.
    * @param string $context Optional. Context in which to sanitize the term. Accepts ‘edit’, ‘db’,
    * ‘display’, ‘attribute’, or ‘js’. Default ‘display’.
    * @return array|object Term with all fields sanitized.
    */
    function sanitize_term($term, $taxonomy, $context = ‘display’) {
    $fields = array( ‘term_id’, ‘name’, ‘description’, ‘slug’, ‘count’, ‘parent’, ‘term_group’, ‘term_taxonomy_id’, ‘object_id’ );

    $do_object = is_object( $term );

    $term_id = $do_object ? $term->term_id : (isset($term[‘term_id’]) ? $term[‘term_id’] : 0);

    foreach ( (array) $fields as $field ) {
    if ( $do_object ) {
    if ( isset($term->$field) )
    $term->$field = sanitize_term_field($field, $term->$field, $term_id, $taxonomy, $context);
    } else {
    if ( isset($term[$field]) )
    $term[$field] = sanitize_term_field($field, $term[$field], $term_id, $taxonomy, $context);
    }
    }

    if ( $do_object )
    $term->filter = $context;
    else
    $term[‘filter’] = $context;

    return $term;
    }

    /**
    * Cleanse the field value in the term based on the context.
    *
    * Passing a term field value through the function should be assumed to have
    * cleansed the value for whatever context the term field is going to be used.
    *
    * If no context or an unsupported context is given, then default filters will
    * be applied.
    *
    * There are enough filters for each context to support a custom filtering
    * without creating your own filter function. Simply create a function that
    * hooks into the filter you need.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param string $field Term field to sanitize.
    * @param string $value Search for this term value.
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy Name.
    * @param string $context Context in which to sanitize the term field. Accepts ‘edit’, ‘db’, ‘display’,
    * ‘attribute’, or ‘js’.
    * @return mixed Sanitized field.
    */
    function sanitize_term_field($field, $value, $term_id, $taxonomy, $context) {
    $int_fields = array( ‘parent’, ‘term_id’, ‘count’, ‘term_group’, ‘term_taxonomy_id’, ‘object_id’ );
    if ( in_array( $field, $int_fields ) ) {
    $value = (int) $value;
    if ( $value < 0 )
    $value = 0;
    }

    if ( ‘raw’ == $context )
    return $value;

    if ( ‘edit’ == $context ) {

    /**
    * Filters a term field to edit before it is sanitized.
    *
    * The dynamic portion of the filter name, $field, refers to the term field.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param mixed $value Value of the term field.
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    */
    $value = apply_filters( “edit_term_{$field}”, $value, $term_id, $taxonomy );

    /**
    * Filters the taxonomy field to edit before it is sanitized.
    *
    * The dynamic portions of the filter name, $taxonomy and $field, refer
    * to the taxonomy slug and taxonomy field, respectively.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param mixed $value Value of the taxonomy field to edit.
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    */
    $value = apply_filters( “edit_{$taxonomy}_{$field}”, $value, $term_id );

    if ( ‘description’ == $field )
    $value = esc_html($value); // textarea_escaped
    else
    $value = esc_attr($value);
    } elseif ( ‘db’ == $context ) {

    /**
    * Filters a term field value before it is sanitized.
    *
    * The dynamic portion of the filter name, $field, refers to the term field.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param mixed $value Value of the term field.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    */
    $value = apply_filters( “pre_term_{$field}”, $value, $taxonomy );

    /**
    * Filters a taxonomy field before it is sanitized.
    *
    * The dynamic portions of the filter name, $taxonomy and $field, refer
    * to the taxonomy slug and field name, respectively.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param mixed $value Value of the taxonomy field.
    */
    $value = apply_filters( “pre_{$taxonomy}_{$field}”, $value );

    // Back compat filters
    if ( ‘slug’ == $field ) {
    /**
    * Filters the category nicename before it is sanitized.
    *
    * Use the {@see ‘pre_$taxonomy_$field’} hook instead.
    *
    * @since 2.0.3
    *
    * @param string $value The category nicename.
    */
    $value = apply_filters( ‘pre_category_nicename’, $value );
    }

    } elseif ( ‘rss’ == $context ) {

    /**
    * Filters the term field for use in RSS.
    *
    * The dynamic portion of the filter name, $field, refers to the term field.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param mixed $value Value of the term field.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    */
    $value = apply_filters( “term_{$field}_rss”, $value, $taxonomy );

    /**
    * Filters the taxonomy field for use in RSS.
    *
    * The dynamic portions of the hook name, $taxonomy, and $field, refer
    * to the taxonomy slug and field name, respectively.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param mixed $value Value of the taxonomy field.
    */
    $value = apply_filters( “{$taxonomy}_{$field}_rss”, $value );
    } else {
    // Use display filters by default.

    /**
    * Filters the term field sanitized for display.
    *
    * The dynamic portion of the filter name, $field, refers to the term field name.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param mixed $value Value of the term field.
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    * @param string $context Context to retrieve the term field value.
    */
    $value = apply_filters( “term_{$field}”, $value, $term_id, $taxonomy, $context );

    /**
    * Filters the taxonomy field sanitized for display.
    *
    * The dynamic portions of the filter name, $taxonomy, and $field, refer
    * to the taxonomy slug and taxonomy field, respectively.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param mixed $value Value of the taxonomy field.
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param string $context Context to retrieve the taxonomy field value.
    */
    $value = apply_filters( “{$taxonomy}_{$field}”, $value, $term_id, $context );
    }

    if ( ‘attribute’ == $context ) {
    $value = esc_attr($value);
    } elseif ( ‘js’ == $context ) {
    $value = esc_js($value);
    }
    return $value;
    }

    /**
    * Count how many terms are in Taxonomy.
    *
    * Default $args is ‘hide_empty’ which can be ‘hide_empty=true’ or array(‘hide_empty’ => true).
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy name.
    * @param array|string $args Optional. Array of arguments that get passed to get_terms().
    * Default empty array.
    * @return array|int|WP_Error Number of terms in that taxonomy or WP_Error if the taxonomy does not exist.
    */
    function wp_count_terms( $taxonomy, $args = array() ) {
    $defaults = array(‘hide_empty’ => false);
    $args = wp_parse_args($args, $defaults);

    // backward compatibility
    if ( isset($args[‘ignore_empty’]) ) {
    $args[‘hide_empty’] = $args[‘ignore_empty’];
    unset($args[‘ignore_empty’]);
    }

    $args[‘fields’] = ‘count’;

    return get_terms($taxonomy, $args);
    }

    /**
    * Will unlink the object from the taxonomy or taxonomies.
    *
    * Will remove all relationships between the object and any terms in
    * a particular taxonomy or taxonomies. Does not remove the term or
    * taxonomy itself.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param int $object_id The term Object Id that refers to the term.
    * @param string|array $taxonomies List of Taxonomy Names or single Taxonomy name.
    */
    function wp_delete_object_term_relationships( $object_id, $taxonomies ) {
    $object_id = (int) $object_id;

    if ( !is_array($taxonomies) )
    $taxonomies = array($taxonomies);

    foreach ( (array) $taxonomies as $taxonomy ) {
    $term_ids = wp_get_object_terms( $object_id, $taxonomy, array( ‘fields’ => ‘ids’ ) );
    $term_ids = array_map( ‘intval’, $term_ids );
    wp_remove_object_terms( $object_id, $term_ids, $taxonomy );
    }
    }

    /**
    * Removes a term from the database.
    *
    * If the term is a parent of other terms, then the children will be updated to
    * that term’s parent.
    *
    * Metadata associated with the term will be deleted.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
    *
    * @param int $term Term ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy Name.
    * @param array|string $args {
    * Optional. Array of arguments to override the default term ID. Default empty array.
    *
    * @type int $default The term ID to make the default term. This will only override
    * the terms found if there is only one term found. Any other and
    * the found terms are used.
    * @type bool $force_default Optional. Whether to force the supplied term as default to be
    * assigned even if the object was not going to be term-less.
    * Default false.
    * }
    * @return bool|int|WP_Error True on success, false if term does not exist. Zero on attempted
    * deletion of default Category. WP_Error if the taxonomy does not exist.
    */
    function wp_delete_term( $term, $taxonomy, $args = array() ) {
    global $wpdb;

    $term = (int) $term;

    if ( ! $ids = term_exists($term, $taxonomy) )
    return false;
    if ( is_wp_error( $ids ) )
    return $ids;

    $tt_id = $ids[‘term_taxonomy_id’];

    $defaults = array();

    if ( ‘category’ == $taxonomy ) {
    $defaults[‘default’] = get_option( ‘default_category’ );
    if ( $defaults[‘default’] == $term )
    return 0; // Don’t delete the default category
    }

    $args = wp_parse_args($args, $defaults);

    if ( isset( $args[‘default’] ) ) {
    $default = (int) $args[‘default’];
    if ( ! term_exists( $default, $taxonomy ) ) {
    unset( $default );
    }
    }

    if ( isset( $args[‘force_default’] ) ) {
    $force_default = $args[‘force_default’];
    }

    /**
    * Fires when deleting a term, before any modifications are made to posts or terms.
    *
    * @since 4.1.0
    *
    * @param int $term Term ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy Name.
    */
    do_action( ‘pre_delete_term’, $term, $taxonomy );

    // Update children to point to new parent
    if ( is_taxonomy_hierarchical($taxonomy) ) {
    $term_obj = get_term($term, $taxonomy);
    if ( is_wp_error( $term_obj ) )
    return $term_obj;
    $parent = $term_obj->parent;

    $edit_ids = $wpdb->get_results( “SELECT term_id, term_taxonomy_id FROM $wpdb->term_taxonomy WHERE parent = ” . (int)$term_obj->term_id );
    $edit_tt_ids = wp_list_pluck( $edit_ids, ‘term_taxonomy_id’ );

    /**
    * Fires immediately before a term to delete’s children are reassigned a parent.
    *
    * @since 2.9.0
    *
    * @param array $edit_tt_ids An array of term taxonomy IDs for the given term.
    */
    do_action( ‘edit_term_taxonomies’, $edit_tt_ids );

    $wpdb->update( $wpdb->term_taxonomy, compact( ‘parent’ ), array( ‘parent’ => $term_obj->term_id) + compact( ‘taxonomy’ ) );

    // Clean the cache for all child terms.
    $edit_term_ids = wp_list_pluck( $edit_ids, ‘term_id’ );
    clean_term_cache( $edit_term_ids, $taxonomy );

    /**
    * Fires immediately after a term to delete’s children are reassigned a parent.
    *
    * @since 2.9.0
    *
    * @param array $edit_tt_ids An array of term taxonomy IDs for the given term.
    */
    do_action( ‘edited_term_taxonomies’, $edit_tt_ids );
    }

    // Get the term before deleting it or its term relationships so we can pass to actions below.
    $deleted_term = get_term( $term, $taxonomy );

    $object_ids = (array) $wpdb->get_col( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT object_id FROM $wpdb->term_relationships WHERE term_taxonomy_id = %d”, $tt_id ) );

    foreach ( $object_ids as $object_id ) {
    $terms = wp_get_object_terms( $object_id, $taxonomy, array( ‘fields’ => ‘ids’, ‘orderby’ => ‘none’ ) );
    if ( 1 == count($terms) && isset($default) ) {
    $terms = array($default);
    } else {
    $terms = array_diff($terms, array($term));
    if (isset($default) && isset($force_default) && $force_default)
    $terms = array_merge($terms, array($default));
    }
    $terms = array_map(‘intval’, $terms);
    wp_set_object_terms( $object_id, $terms, $taxonomy );
    }

    // Clean the relationship caches for all object types using this term.
    $tax_object = get_taxonomy( $taxonomy );
    foreach ( $tax_object->object_type as $object_type )
    clean_object_term_cache( $object_ids, $object_type );

    $term_meta_ids = $wpdb->get_col( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT meta_id FROM $wpdb->termmeta WHERE term_id = %d “, $term ) );
    foreach ( $term_meta_ids as $mid ) {
    delete_metadata_by_mid( ‘term’, $mid );
    }

    /**
    * Fires immediately before a term taxonomy ID is deleted.
    *
    * @since 2.9.0
    *
    * @param int $tt_id Term taxonomy ID.
    */
    do_action( ‘delete_term_taxonomy’, $tt_id );
    $wpdb->delete( $wpdb->term_taxonomy, array( ‘term_taxonomy_id’ => $tt_id ) );

    /**
    * Fires immediately after a term taxonomy ID is deleted.
    *
    * @since 2.9.0
    *
    * @param int $tt_id Term taxonomy ID.
    */
    do_action( ‘deleted_term_taxonomy’, $tt_id );

    // Delete the term if no taxonomies use it.
    if ( !$wpdb->get_var( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT COUNT(*) FROM $wpdb->term_taxonomy WHERE term_id = %d”, $term) ) )
    $wpdb->delete( $wpdb->terms, array( ‘term_id’ => $term ) );

    clean_term_cache($term, $taxonomy);

    /**
    * Fires after a term is deleted from the database and the cache is cleaned.
    *
    * @since 2.5.0
    * @since 4.5.0 Introduced the $object_ids argument.
    *
    * @param int $term Term ID.
    * @param int $tt_id Term taxonomy ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    * @param mixed $deleted_term Copy of the already-deleted term, in the form specified
    * by the parent function. WP_Error otherwise.
    * @param array $object_ids List of term object IDs.
    */
    do_action( ‘delete_term’, $term, $tt_id, $taxonomy, $deleted_term, $object_ids );

    /**
    * Fires after a term in a specific taxonomy is deleted.
    *
    * The dynamic portion of the hook name, $taxonomy, refers to the specific
    * taxonomy the term belonged to.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    * @since 4.5.0 Introduced the $object_ids argument.
    *
    * @param int $term Term ID.
    * @param int $tt_id Term taxonomy ID.
    * @param mixed $deleted_term Copy of the already-deleted term, in the form specified
    * by the parent function. WP_Error otherwise.
    * @param array $object_ids List of term object IDs.
    */
    do_action( “delete_{$taxonomy}”, $term, $tt_id, $deleted_term, $object_ids );

    return true;
    }

    /**
    * Deletes one existing category.
    *
    * @since 2.0.0
    *
    * @param int $cat_ID Category term ID.
    * @return bool|int|WP_Error Returns true if completes delete action; false if term doesn’t exist;
    * Zero on attempted deletion of default Category; WP_Error object is also a possibility.
    */
    function wp_delete_category( $cat_ID ) {
    return wp_delete_term( $cat_ID, ‘category’ );
    }

    /**
    * Retrieves the terms associated with the given object(s), in the supplied taxonomies.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    * @since 4.2.0 Added support for ‘taxonomy’, ‘parent’, and ‘term_taxonomy_id’ values of $orderby.
    * Introduced $parent argument.
    * @since 4.4.0 Introduced $meta_query and $update_term_meta_cache arguments. When $fields is ‘all’ or
    * ‘all_with_object_id’, an array of WP_Term objects will be returned.
    * @since 4.7.0 Refactored to use WP_Term_Query, and to support any WP_Term_Query arguments.
    *
    * @param int|array $object_ids The ID(s) of the object(s) to retrieve.
    * @param string|array $taxonomies The taxonomies to retrieve terms from.
    * @param array|string $args See WP_Term_Query::__construct() for supported arguments.
    * @return array|WP_Error The requested term data or empty array if no terms found.
    * WP_Error if any of the $taxonomies don’t exist.
    */
    function wp_get_object_terms($object_ids, $taxonomies, $args = array()) {
    if ( empty( $object_ids ) || empty( $taxonomies ) )
    return array();

    if ( !is_array($taxonomies) )
    $taxonomies = array($taxonomies);

    foreach ( $taxonomies as $taxonomy ) {
    if ( ! taxonomy_exists($taxonomy) )
    return new WP_Error( ‘invalid_taxonomy’, __( ‘Invalid taxonomy.’ ) );
    }

    if ( !is_array($object_ids) )
    $object_ids = array($object_ids);
    $object_ids = array_map(‘intval’, $object_ids);

    $args = wp_parse_args( $args );

    /**
    * Filter arguments for retrieving object terms.
    *
    * @since 4.9.0
    *
    * @param array $args An array of arguments for retrieving terms for the given object(s).
    * See {@see wp_get_object_terms()} for details.
    * @param int|array $object_ids Object ID or array of IDs.
    * @param string|array $taxonomies The taxonomies to retrieve terms from.
    */
    $args = apply_filters( ‘wp_get_object_terms_args’, $args, $object_ids, $taxonomies );

    /*
    * When one or more queried taxonomies is registered with an ‘args’ array,
    * those params override the $args passed to this function.
    */
    $terms = array();
    if ( count( $taxonomies ) > 1 ) {
    foreach ( $taxonomies as $index => $taxonomy ) {
    $t = get_taxonomy( $taxonomy );
    if ( isset( $t->args ) && is_array( $t->args ) && $args != array_merge( $args, $t->args ) ) {
    unset( $taxonomies[ $index ] );
    $terms = array_merge( $terms, wp_get_object_terms( $object_ids, $taxonomy, array_merge( $args, $t->args ) ) );
    }
    }
    } else {
    $t = get_taxonomy( $taxonomies[0] );
    if ( isset( $t->args ) && is_array( $t->args ) ) {
    $args = array_merge( $args, $t->args );
    }
    }

    $args[‘taxonomy’] = $taxonomies;
    $args[‘object_ids’] = $object_ids;

    // Taxonomies registered without an ‘args’ param are handled here.
    if ( ! empty( $taxonomies ) ) {
    $terms_from_remaining_taxonomies = get_terms( $args );

    // Array keys should be preserved for values of $fields that use term_id for keys.
    if ( ! empty( $args[‘fields’] ) && 0 === strpos( $args[‘fields’], ‘id=>’ ) ) {
    $terms = $terms + $terms_from_remaining_taxonomies;
    } else {
    $terms = array_merge( $terms, $terms_from_remaining_taxonomies );
    }
    }

    /**
    * Filters the terms for a given object or objects.
    *
    * @since 4.2.0
    *
    * @param array $terms An array of terms for the given object or objects.
    * @param array $object_ids Array of object IDs for which $terms were retrieved.
    * @param array $taxonomies Array of taxonomies from which $terms were retrieved.
    * @param array $args An array of arguments for retrieving terms for the given
    * object(s). See wp_get_object_terms() for details.
    */
    $terms = apply_filters( ‘get_object_terms’, $terms, $object_ids, $taxonomies, $args );

    $object_ids = implode( ‘,’, $object_ids );
    $taxonomies = “‘” . implode( “‘, ‘”, array_map( ‘esc_sql’, $taxonomies ) ) . “‘”;

    /**
    * Filters the terms for a given object or objects.
    *
    * The $taxonomies parameter passed to this filter is formatted as a SQL fragment. The
    * {@see ‘get_object_terms’} filter is recommended as an alternative.
    *
    * @since 2.8.0
    *
    * @param array $terms An array of terms for the given object or objects.
    * @param int|array $object_ids Object ID or array of IDs.
    * @param string $taxonomies SQL-formatted (comma-separated and quoted) list of taxonomy names.
    * @param array $args An array of arguments for retrieving terms for the given object(s).
    * See wp_get_object_terms() for details.
    */
    return apply_filters( ‘wp_get_object_terms’, $terms, $object_ids, $taxonomies, $args );
    }

    /**
    * Add a new term to the database.
    *
    * A non-existent term is inserted in the following sequence:
    * 1. The term is added to the term table, then related to the taxonomy.
    * 2. If everything is correct, several actions are fired.
    * 3. The ‘term_id_filter’ is evaluated.
    * 4. The term cache is cleaned.
    * 5. Several more actions are fired.
    * 6. An array is returned containing the term_id and term_taxonomy_id.
    *
    * If the ‘slug’ argument is not empty, then it is checked to see if the term
    * is invalid. If it is not a valid, existing term, it is added and the term_id
    * is given.
    *
    * If the taxonomy is hierarchical, and the ‘parent’ argument is not empty,
    * the term is inserted and the term_id will be given.
    *
    * Error handling:
    * If $taxonomy does not exist or $term is empty,
    * a WP_Error object will be returned.
    *
    * If the term already exists on the same hierarchical level,
    * or the term slug and name are not unique, a WP_Error object will be returned.
    *
    * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param string $term The term to add or update.
    * @param string $taxonomy The taxonomy to which to add the term.
    * @param array|string $args {
    * Optional. Array or string of arguments for inserting a term.
    *
    * @type string $alias_of Slug of the term to make this term an alias of.
    * Default empty string. Accepts a term slug.
    * @type string $description The term description. Default empty string.
    * @type int $parent The id of the parent term. Default 0.
    * @type string $slug The term slug to use. Default empty string.
    * }
    * @return array|WP_Error An array containing the term_id and term_taxonomy_id,
    * WP_Error otherwise.
    */
    function wp_insert_term( $term, $taxonomy, $args = array() ) {
    global $wpdb;

    if ( ! taxonomy_exists($taxonomy) ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘invalid_taxonomy’, __( ‘Invalid taxonomy.’ ) );
    }
    /**
    * Filters a term before it is sanitized and inserted into the database.
    *
    * @since 3.0.0
    *
    * @param string $term The term to add or update.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    */
    $term = apply_filters( ‘pre_insert_term’, $term, $taxonomy );
    if ( is_wp_error( $term ) ) {
    return $term;
    }
    if ( is_int( $term ) && 0 == $term ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘invalid_term_id’, __( ‘Invalid term ID.’ ) );
    }
    if ( ” == trim( $term ) ) {
    return new WP_Error( ’empty_term_name’, __( ‘A name is required for this term.’ ) );
    }
    $defaults = array( ‘alias_of’ => ”, ‘description’ => ”, ‘parent’ => 0, ‘slug’ => ”);
    $args = wp_parse_args( $args, $defaults );

    if ( $args[‘parent’] > 0 && ! term_exists( (int) $args[‘parent’] ) ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘missing_parent’, __( ‘Parent term does not exist.’ ) );
    }

    $args[‘name’] = $term;
    $args[‘taxonomy’] = $taxonomy;

    // Coerce null description to strings, to avoid database errors.
    $args[‘description’] = (string) $args[‘description’];

    $args = sanitize_term($args, $taxonomy, ‘db’);

    // expected_slashed ($name)
    $name = wp_unslash( $args[‘name’] );
    $description = wp_unslash( $args[‘description’] );
    $parent = (int) $args[‘parent’];

    $slug_provided = ! empty( $args[‘slug’] );
    if ( ! $slug_provided ) {
    $slug = sanitize_title( $name );
    } else {
    $slug = $args[‘slug’];
    }

    $term_group = 0;
    if ( $args[‘alias_of’] ) {
    $alias = get_term_by( ‘slug’, $args[‘alias_of’], $taxonomy );
    if ( ! empty( $alias->term_group ) ) {
    // The alias we want is already in a group, so let’s use that one.
    $term_group = $alias->term_group;
    } elseif ( ! empty( $alias->term_id ) ) {
    /*
    * The alias is not in a group, so we create a new one
    * and add the alias to it.
    */
    $term_group = $wpdb->get_var(“SELECT MAX(term_group) FROM $wpdb->terms”) + 1;

    wp_update_term( $alias->term_id, $taxonomy, array(
    ‘term_group’ => $term_group,
    ) );
    }
    }

    /*
    * Prevent the creation of terms with duplicate names at the same level of a taxonomy hierarchy,
    * unless a unique slug has been explicitly provided.
    */
    $name_matches = get_terms( $taxonomy, array(
    ‘name’ => $name,
    ‘hide_empty’ => false,
    ‘parent’ => $args[‘parent’],
    ) );

    /*
    * The name match in get_terms() doesn’t differentiate accented characters,
    * so we do a stricter comparison here.
    */
    $name_match = null;
    if ( $name_matches ) {
    foreach ( $name_matches as $_match ) {
    if ( strtolower( $name ) === strtolower( $_match->name ) ) {
    $name_match = $_match;
    break;
    }
    }
    }

    if ( $name_match ) {
    $slug_match = get_term_by( ‘slug’, $slug, $taxonomy );
    if ( ! $slug_provided || $name_match->slug === $slug || $slug_match ) {
    if ( is_taxonomy_hierarchical( $taxonomy ) ) {
    $siblings = get_terms( $taxonomy, array( ‘get’ => ‘all’, ‘parent’ => $parent ) );

    $existing_term = null;
    if ( ( ! $slug_provided || $name_match->slug === $slug ) && in_array( $name, wp_list_pluck( $siblings, ‘name’ ) ) ) {
    $existing_term = $name_match;
    } elseif ( $slug_match && in_array( $slug, wp_list_pluck( $siblings, ‘slug’ ) ) ) {
    $existing_term = $slug_match;
    }

    if ( $existing_term ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘term_exists’, __( ‘A term with the name provided already exists with this parent.’ ), $existing_term->term_id );
    }
    } else {
    return new WP_Error( ‘term_exists’, __( ‘A term with the name provided already exists in this taxonomy.’ ), $name_match->term_id );
    }
    }
    }

    $slug = wp_unique_term_slug( $slug, (object) $args );

    $data = compact( ‘name’, ‘slug’, ‘term_group’ );

    /**
    * Filters term data before it is inserted into the database.
    *
    * @since 4.7.0
    *
    * @param array $data Term data to be inserted.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    * @param array $args Arguments passed to wp_insert_term().
    */
    $data = apply_filters( ‘wp_insert_term_data’, $data, $taxonomy, $args );

    if ( false === $wpdb->insert( $wpdb->terms, $data ) ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘db_insert_error’, __( ‘Could not insert term into the database.’ ), $wpdb->last_error );
    }

    $term_id = (int) $wpdb->insert_id;

    // Seems unreachable, However, Is used in the case that a term name is provided, which sanitizes to an empty string.
    if ( empty($slug) ) {
    $slug = sanitize_title($slug, $term_id);

    /** This action is documented in wp-includes/taxonomy.php */
    do_action( ‘edit_terms’, $term_id, $taxonomy );
    $wpdb->update( $wpdb->terms, compact( ‘slug’ ), compact( ‘term_id’ ) );

    /** This action is documented in wp-includes/taxonomy.php */
    do_action( ‘edited_terms’, $term_id, $taxonomy );
    }

    $tt_id = $wpdb->get_var( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT tt.term_taxonomy_id FROM $wpdb->term_taxonomy AS tt INNER JOIN $wpdb->terms AS t ON tt.term_id = t.term_id WHERE tt.taxonomy = %s AND t.term_id = %d”, $taxonomy, $term_id ) );

    if ( !empty($tt_id) ) {
    return array(‘term_id’ => $term_id, ‘term_taxonomy_id’ => $tt_id);
    }
    $wpdb->insert( $wpdb->term_taxonomy, compact( ‘term_id’, ‘taxonomy’, ‘description’, ‘parent’) + array( ‘count’ => 0 ) );
    $tt_id = (int) $wpdb->insert_id;

    /*
    * Sanity check: if we just created a term with the same parent + taxonomy + slug but a higher term_id than
    * an existing term, then we have unwittingly created a duplicate term. Delete the dupe, and use the term_id
    * and term_taxonomy_id of the older term instead. Then return out of the function so that the “create” hooks
    * are not fired.
    */
    $duplicate_term = $wpdb->get_row( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT t.term_id, tt.term_taxonomy_id FROM $wpdb->terms t INNER JOIN $wpdb->term_taxonomy tt ON ( tt.term_id = t.term_id ) WHERE t.slug = %s AND tt.parent = %d AND tt.taxonomy = %s AND t.term_id < %d AND tt.term_taxonomy_id != %d”, $slug, $parent, $taxonomy, $term_id, $tt_id ) );
    if ( $duplicate_term ) {
    $wpdb->delete( $wpdb->terms, array( ‘term_id’ => $term_id ) );
    $wpdb->delete( $wpdb->term_taxonomy, array( ‘term_taxonomy_id’ => $tt_id ) );

    $term_id = (int) $duplicate_term->term_id;
    $tt_id = (int) $duplicate_term->term_taxonomy_id;

    clean_term_cache( $term_id, $taxonomy );
    return array( ‘term_id’ => $term_id, ‘term_taxonomy_id’ => $tt_id );
    }

    /**
    * Fires immediately after a new term is created, before the term cache is cleaned.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param int $tt_id Term taxonomy ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    */
    do_action( “create_term”, $term_id, $tt_id, $taxonomy );

    /**
    * Fires after a new term is created for a specific taxonomy.
    *
    * The dynamic portion of the hook name, $taxonomy, refers
    * to the slug of the taxonomy the term was created for.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param int $tt_id Term taxonomy ID.
    */
    do_action( “create_{$taxonomy}”, $term_id, $tt_id );

    /**
    * Filters the term ID after a new term is created.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param int $tt_id Taxonomy term ID.
    */
    $term_id = apply_filters( ‘term_id_filter’, $term_id, $tt_id );

    clean_term_cache($term_id, $taxonomy);

    /**
    * Fires after a new term is created, and after the term cache has been cleaned.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param int $tt_id Term taxonomy ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    */
    do_action( ‘created_term’, $term_id, $tt_id, $taxonomy );

    /**
    * Fires after a new term in a specific taxonomy is created, and after the term
    * cache has been cleaned.
    *
    * The dynamic portion of the hook name, $taxonomy, refers to the taxonomy slug.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param int $tt_id Term taxonomy ID.
    */
    do_action( “created_{$taxonomy}”, $term_id, $tt_id );

    return array(‘term_id’ => $term_id, ‘term_taxonomy_id’ => $tt_id);
    }

    /**
    * Create Term and Taxonomy Relationships.
    *
    * Relates an object (post, link etc) to a term and taxonomy type. Creates the
    * term and taxonomy relationship if it doesn’t already exist. Creates a term if
    * it doesn’t exist (using the slug).
    *
    * A relationship means that the term is grouped in or belongs to the taxonomy.
    * A term has no meaning until it is given context by defining which taxonomy it
    * exists under.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @global wpdb $wpdb The WordPress database abstraction object.
    *
    * @param int $object_id The object to relate to.
    * @param string|int|array $terms A single term slug, single term id, or array of either term slugs or ids.
    * Will replace all existing related terms in this taxonomy. Passing an
    * empty value will remove all related terms.
    * @param string $taxonomy The context in which to relate the term to the object.
    * @param bool $append Optional. If false will delete difference of terms. Default false.
    * @return array|WP_Error Term taxonomy IDs of the affected terms.
    */
    function wp_set_object_terms( $object_id, $terms, $taxonomy, $append = false ) {
    global $wpdb;

    $object_id = (int) $object_id;

    if ( ! taxonomy_exists( $taxonomy ) ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘invalid_taxonomy’, __( ‘Invalid taxonomy.’ ) );
    }

    if ( !is_array($terms) )
    $terms = array($terms);

    if ( ! $append )
    $old_tt_ids = wp_get_object_terms($object_id, $taxonomy, array(‘fields’ => ‘tt_ids’, ‘orderby’ => ‘none’));
    else
    $old_tt_ids = array();

    $tt_ids = array();
    $term_ids = array();
    $new_tt_ids = array();

    foreach ( (array) $terms as $term) {
    if ( !strlen(trim($term)) )
    continue;

    if ( !$term_info = term_exists($term, $taxonomy) ) {
    // Skip if a non-existent term ID is passed.
    if ( is_int($term) )
    continue;
    $term_info = wp_insert_term($term, $taxonomy);
    }
    if ( is_wp_error($term_info) )
    return $term_info;
    $term_ids[] = $term_info[‘term_id’];
    $tt_id = $term_info[‘term_taxonomy_id’];
    $tt_ids[] = $tt_id;

    if ( $wpdb->get_var( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT term_taxonomy_id FROM $wpdb->term_relationships WHERE object_id = %d AND term_taxonomy_id = %d”, $object_id, $tt_id ) ) )
    continue;

    /**
    * Fires immediately before an object-term relationship is added.
    *
    * @since 2.9.0
    * @since 4.7.0 Added the $taxonomy parameter.
    *
    * @param int $object_id Object ID.
    * @param int $tt_id Term taxonomy ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    */
    do_action( ‘add_term_relationship’, $object_id, $tt_id, $taxonomy );
    $wpdb->insert( $wpdb->term_relationships, array( ‘object_id’ => $object_id, ‘term_taxonomy_id’ => $tt_id ) );

    /**
    * Fires immediately after an object-term relationship is added.
    *
    * @since 2.9.0
    * @since 4.7.0 Added the $taxonomy parameter.
    *
    * @param int $object_id Object ID.
    * @param int $tt_id Term taxonomy ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    */
    do_action( ‘added_term_relationship’, $object_id, $tt_id, $taxonomy );
    $new_tt_ids[] = $tt_id;
    }

    if ( $new_tt_ids )
    wp_update_term_count( $new_tt_ids, $taxonomy );

    if ( ! $append ) {
    $delete_tt_ids = array_diff( $old_tt_ids, $tt_ids );

    if ( $delete_tt_ids ) {
    $in_delete_tt_ids = “‘” . implode( “‘, ‘”, $delete_tt_ids ) . “‘”;
    $delete_term_ids = $wpdb->get_col( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT tt.term_id FROM $wpdb->term_taxonomy AS tt WHERE tt.taxonomy = %s AND tt.term_taxonomy_id IN ($in_delete_tt_ids)”, $taxonomy ) );
    $delete_term_ids = array_map( ‘intval’, $delete_term_ids );

    $remove = wp_remove_object_terms( $object_id, $delete_term_ids, $taxonomy );
    if ( is_wp_error( $remove ) ) {
    return $remove;
    }
    }
    }

    $t = get_taxonomy($taxonomy);
    if ( ! $append && isset($t->sort) && $t->sort ) {
    $values = array();
    $term_order = 0;
    $final_tt_ids = wp_get_object_terms($object_id, $taxonomy, array(‘fields’ => ‘tt_ids’));
    foreach ( $tt_ids as $tt_id )
    if ( in_array($tt_id, $final_tt_ids) )
    $values[] = $wpdb->prepare( “(%d, %d, %d)”, $object_id, $tt_id, ++$term_order);
    if ( $values )
    if ( false === $wpdb->query( “INSERT INTO $wpdb->term_relationships (object_id, term_taxonomy_id, term_order) VALUES ” . join( ‘,’, $values ) . ” ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE term_order = VALUES(term_order)” ) )
    return new WP_Error( ‘db_insert_error’, __( ‘Could not insert term relationship into the database.’ ), $wpdb->last_error );
    }

    wp_cache_delete( $object_id, $taxonomy . ‘_relationships’ );
    wp_cache_delete( ‘last_changed’, ‘terms’ );

    /**
    * Fires after an object’s terms have been set.
    *
    * @since 2.8.0
    *
    * @param int $object_id Object ID.
    * @param array $terms An array of object terms.
    * @param array $tt_ids An array of term taxonomy IDs.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    * @param bool $append Whether to append new terms to the old terms.
    * @param array $old_tt_ids Old array of term taxonomy IDs.
    */
    do_action( ‘set_object_terms’, $object_id, $terms, $tt_ids, $taxonomy, $append, $old_tt_ids );
    return $tt_ids;
    }

    /**
    * Add term(s) associated with a given object.
    *
    * @since 3.6.0
    *
    * @param int $object_id The ID of the object to which the terms will be added.
    * @param string|int|array $terms The slug(s) or ID(s) of the term(s) to add.
    * @param array|string $taxonomy Taxonomy name.
    * @return array|WP_Error Term taxonomy IDs of the affected terms.
    */
    function wp_add_object_terms( $object_id, $terms, $taxonomy ) {
    return wp_set_object_terms( $object_id, $terms, $taxonomy, true );
    }

    /**
    * Remove term(s) associated with a given object.
    *
    * @since 3.6.0
    *
    * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
    *
    * @param int $object_id The ID of the object from which the terms will be removed.
    * @param string|int|array $terms The slug(s) or ID(s) of the term(s) to remove.
    * @param array|string $taxonomy Taxonomy name.
    * @return bool|WP_Error True on success, false or WP_Error on failure.
    */
    function wp_remove_object_terms( $object_id, $terms, $taxonomy ) {
    global $wpdb;

    $object_id = (int) $object_id;

    if ( ! taxonomy_exists( $taxonomy ) ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘invalid_taxonomy’, __( ‘Invalid taxonomy.’ ) );
    }

    if ( ! is_array( $terms ) ) {
    $terms = array( $terms );
    }

    $tt_ids = array();

    foreach ( (array) $terms as $term ) {
    if ( ! strlen( trim( $term ) ) ) {
    continue;
    }

    if ( ! $term_info = term_exists( $term, $taxonomy ) ) {
    // Skip if a non-existent term ID is passed.
    if ( is_int( $term ) ) {
    continue;
    }
    }

    if ( is_wp_error( $term_info ) ) {
    return $term_info;
    }

    $tt_ids[] = $term_info[‘term_taxonomy_id’];
    }

    if ( $tt_ids ) {
    $in_tt_ids = “‘” . implode( “‘, ‘”, $tt_ids ) . “‘”;

    /**
    * Fires immediately before an object-term relationship is deleted.
    *
    * @since 2.9.0
    * @since 4.7.0 Added the $taxonomy parameter.
    *
    * @param int $object_id Object ID.
    * @param array $tt_ids An array of term taxonomy IDs.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    */
    do_action( ‘delete_term_relationships’, $object_id, $tt_ids, $taxonomy );
    $deleted = $wpdb->query( $wpdb->prepare( “DELETE FROM $wpdb->term_relationships WHERE object_id = %d AND term_taxonomy_id IN ($in_tt_ids)”, $object_id ) );

    wp_cache_delete( $object_id, $taxonomy . ‘_relationships’ );
    wp_cache_delete( ‘last_changed’, ‘terms’ );

    /**
    * Fires immediately after an object-term relationship is deleted.
    *
    * @since 2.9.0
    * @since 4.7.0 Added the $taxonomy parameter.
    *
    * @param int $object_id Object ID.
    * @param array $tt_ids An array of term taxonomy IDs.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    */
    do_action( ‘deleted_term_relationships’, $object_id, $tt_ids, $taxonomy );

    wp_update_term_count( $tt_ids, $taxonomy );

    return (bool) $deleted;
    }

    return false;
    }

    /**
    * Will make slug unique, if it isn’t already.
    *
    * The $slug has to be unique global to every taxonomy, meaning that one
    * taxonomy term can’t have a matching slug with another taxonomy term. Each
    * slug has to be globally unique for every taxonomy.
    *
    * The way this works is that if the taxonomy that the term belongs to is
    * hierarchical and has a parent, it will append that parent to the $slug.
    *
    * If that still doesn’t return an unique slug, then it try to append a number
    * until it finds a number that is truly unique.
    *
    * The only purpose for $term is for appending a parent, if one exists.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
    *
    * @param string $slug The string that will be tried for a unique slug.
    * @param object $term The term object that the $slug will belong to.
    * @return string Will return a true unique slug.
    */
    function wp_unique_term_slug( $slug, $term ) {
    global $wpdb;

    $needs_suffix = true;
    $original_slug = $slug;

    // As of 4.1, duplicate slugs are allowed as long as they’re in different taxonomies.
    if ( ! term_exists( $slug ) || get_option( ‘db_version’ ) >= 30133 && ! get_term_by( ‘slug’, $slug, $term->taxonomy ) ) {
    $needs_suffix = false;
    }

    /*
    * If the taxonomy supports hierarchy and the term has a parent, make the slug unique
    * by incorporating parent slugs.
    */
    $parent_suffix = ”;
    if ( $needs_suffix && is_taxonomy_hierarchical( $term->taxonomy ) && ! empty( $term->parent ) ) {
    $the_parent = $term->parent;
    while ( ! empty($the_parent) ) {
    $parent_term = get_term($the_parent, $term->taxonomy);
    if ( is_wp_error($parent_term) || empty($parent_term) )
    break;
    $parent_suffix .= ‘-‘ . $parent_term->slug;
    if ( ! term_exists( $slug . $parent_suffix ) ) {
    break;
    }

    if ( empty($parent_term->parent) )
    break;
    $the_parent = $parent_term->parent;
    }
    }

    // If we didn’t get a unique slug, try appending a number to make it unique.

    /**
    * Filters whether the proposed unique term slug is bad.
    *
    * @since 4.3.0
    *
    * @param bool $needs_suffix Whether the slug needs to be made unique with a suffix.
    * @param string $slug The slug.
    * @param object $term Term object.
    */
    if ( apply_filters( ‘wp_unique_term_slug_is_bad_slug’, $needs_suffix, $slug, $term ) ) {
    if ( $parent_suffix ) {
    $slug .= $parent_suffix;
    } else {
    if ( ! empty( $term->term_id ) )
    $query = $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT slug FROM $wpdb->terms WHERE slug = %s AND term_id != %d”, $slug, $term->term_id );
    else
    $query = $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT slug FROM $wpdb->terms WHERE slug = %s”, $slug );

    if ( $wpdb->get_var( $query ) ) {
    $num = 2;
    do {
    $alt_slug = $slug . “-$num”;
    $num++;
    $slug_check = $wpdb->get_var( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT slug FROM $wpdb->terms WHERE slug = %s”, $alt_slug ) );
    } while ( $slug_check );
    $slug = $alt_slug;
    }
    }
    }

    /**
    * Filters the unique term slug.
    *
    * @since 4.3.0
    *
    * @param string $slug Unique term slug.
    * @param object $term Term object.
    * @param string $original_slug Slug originally passed to the function for testing.
    */
    return apply_filters( ‘wp_unique_term_slug’, $slug, $term, $original_slug );
    }

    /**
    * Update term based on arguments provided.
    *
    * The $args will indiscriminately override all values with the same field name.
    * Care must be taken to not override important information need to update or
    * update will fail (or perhaps create a new term, neither would be acceptable).
    *
    * Defaults will set ‘alias_of’, ‘description’, ‘parent’, and ‘slug’ if not
    * defined in $args already.
    *
    * ‘alias_of’ will create a term group, if it doesn’t already exist, and update
    * it for the $term.
    *
    * If the ‘slug’ argument in $args is missing, then the ‘name’ in $args will be
    * used. It should also be noted that if you set ‘slug’ and it isn’t unique then
    * a WP_Error will be passed back. If you don’t pass any slug, then a unique one
    * will be created for you.
    *
    * For what can be overrode in $args, check the term scheme can contain and stay
    * away from the term keys.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
    *
    * @param int $term_id The ID of the term
    * @param string $taxonomy The context in which to relate the term to the object.
    * @param array|string $args Optional. Array of get_terms() arguments. Default empty array.
    * @return array|WP_Error Returns Term ID and Taxonomy Term ID
    */
    function wp_update_term( $term_id, $taxonomy, $args = array() ) {
    global $wpdb;

    if ( ! taxonomy_exists( $taxonomy ) ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘invalid_taxonomy’, __( ‘Invalid taxonomy.’ ) );
    }

    $term_id = (int) $term_id;

    // First, get all of the original args
    $term = get_term( $term_id, $taxonomy );

    if ( is_wp_error( $term ) ) {
    return $term;
    }

    if ( ! $term ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘invalid_term’, __( ‘Empty Term.’ ) );
    }

    $term = (array) $term->data;

    // Escape data pulled from DB.
    $term = wp_slash( $term );

    // Merge old and new args with new args overwriting old ones.
    $args = array_merge($term, $args);

    $defaults = array( ‘alias_of’ => ”, ‘description’ => ”, ‘parent’ => 0, ‘slug’ => ”);
    $args = wp_parse_args($args, $defaults);
    $args = sanitize_term($args, $taxonomy, ‘db’);
    $parsed_args = $args;

    // expected_slashed ($name)
    $name = wp_unslash( $args[‘name’] );
    $description = wp_unslash( $args[‘description’] );

    $parsed_args[‘name’] = $name;
    $parsed_args[‘description’] = $description;

    if ( ” == trim( $name ) ) {
    return new WP_Error( ’empty_term_name’, __( ‘A name is required for this term.’ ) );
    }

    if ( $parsed_args[‘parent’] > 0 && ! term_exists( (int) $parsed_args[‘parent’] ) ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘missing_parent’, __( ‘Parent term does not exist.’ ) );
    }

    $empty_slug = false;
    if ( empty( $args[‘slug’] ) ) {
    $empty_slug = true;
    $slug = sanitize_title($name);
    } else {
    $slug = $args[‘slug’];
    }

    $parsed_args[‘slug’] = $slug;

    $term_group = isset( $parsed_args[‘term_group’] ) ? $parsed_args[‘term_group’] : 0;
    if ( $args[‘alias_of’] ) {
    $alias = get_term_by( ‘slug’, $args[‘alias_of’], $taxonomy );
    if ( ! empty( $alias->term_group ) ) {
    // The alias we want is already in a group, so let’s use that one.
    $term_group = $alias->term_group;
    } elseif ( ! empty( $alias->term_id ) ) {
    /*
    * The alias is not in a group, so we create a new one
    * and add the alias to it.
    */
    $term_group = $wpdb->get_var(“SELECT MAX(term_group) FROM $wpdb->terms”) + 1;

    wp_update_term( $alias->term_id, $taxonomy, array(
    ‘term_group’ => $term_group,
    ) );
    }

    $parsed_args[‘term_group’] = $term_group;
    }

    /**
    * Filters the term parent.
    *
    * Hook to this filter to see if it will cause a hierarchy loop.
    *
    * @since 3.1.0
    *
    * @param int $parent ID of the parent term.
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    * @param array $parsed_args An array of potentially altered update arguments for the given term.
    * @param array $args An array of update arguments for the given term.
    */
    $parent = apply_filters( ‘wp_update_term_parent’, $args[‘parent’], $term_id, $taxonomy, $parsed_args, $args );

    // Check for duplicate slug
    $duplicate = get_term_by( ‘slug’, $slug, $taxonomy );
    if ( $duplicate && $duplicate->term_id != $term_id ) {
    // If an empty slug was passed or the parent changed, reset the slug to something unique.
    // Otherwise, bail.
    if ( $empty_slug || ( $parent != $term[‘parent’]) ) {
    $slug = wp_unique_term_slug($slug, (object) $args);
    } else {
    /* translators: 1: Taxonomy term slug */
    return new WP_Error( ‘duplicate_term_slug’, sprintf( __( ‘The slug “%s” is already in use by another term.’ ), $slug ) );
    }
    }

    $tt_id = (int) $wpdb->get_var( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT tt.term_taxonomy_id FROM $wpdb->term_taxonomy AS tt INNER JOIN $wpdb->terms AS t ON tt.term_id = t.term_id WHERE tt.taxonomy = %s AND t.term_id = %d”, $taxonomy, $term_id) );

    // Check whether this is a shared term that needs splitting.
    $_term_id = _split_shared_term( $term_id, $tt_id );
    if ( ! is_wp_error( $_term_id ) ) {
    $term_id = $_term_id;
    }

    /**
    * Fires immediately before the given terms are edited.
    *
    * @since 2.9.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    */
    do_action( ‘edit_terms’, $term_id, $taxonomy );

    $data = compact( ‘name’, ‘slug’, ‘term_group’ );

    /**
    * Filters term data before it is updated in the database.
    *
    * @since 4.7.0
    *
    * @param array $data Term data to be updated.
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    * @param array $args Arguments passed to wp_update_term().
    */
    $data = apply_filters( ‘wp_update_term_data’, $data, $term_id, $taxonomy, $args );

    $wpdb->update( $wpdb->terms, $data, compact( ‘term_id’ ) );
    if ( empty($slug) ) {
    $slug = sanitize_title($name, $term_id);
    $wpdb->update( $wpdb->terms, compact( ‘slug’ ), compact( ‘term_id’ ) );
    }

    /**
    * Fires immediately after the given terms are edited.
    *
    * @since 2.9.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id Term ID
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    */
    do_action( ‘edited_terms’, $term_id, $taxonomy );

    /**
    * Fires immediate before a term-taxonomy relationship is updated.
    *
    * @since 2.9.0
    *
    * @param int $tt_id Term taxonomy ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    */
    do_action( ‘edit_term_taxonomy’, $tt_id, $taxonomy );

    $wpdb->update( $wpdb->term_taxonomy, compact( ‘term_id’, ‘taxonomy’, ‘description’, ‘parent’ ), array( ‘term_taxonomy_id’ => $tt_id ) );

    /**
    * Fires immediately after a term-taxonomy relationship is updated.
    *
    * @since 2.9.0
    *
    * @param int $tt_id Term taxonomy ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    */
    do_action( ‘edited_term_taxonomy’, $tt_id, $taxonomy );

    /**
    * Fires after a term has been updated, but before the term cache has been cleaned.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param int $tt_id Term taxonomy ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    */
    do_action( “edit_term”, $term_id, $tt_id, $taxonomy );

    /**
    * Fires after a term in a specific taxonomy has been updated, but before the term
    * cache has been cleaned.
    *
    * The dynamic portion of the hook name, $taxonomy, refers to the taxonomy slug.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param int $tt_id Term taxonomy ID.
    */
    do_action( “edit_{$taxonomy}”, $term_id, $tt_id );

    /** This filter is documented in wp-includes/taxonomy.php */
    $term_id = apply_filters( ‘term_id_filter’, $term_id, $tt_id );

    clean_term_cache($term_id, $taxonomy);

    /**
    * Fires after a term has been updated, and the term cache has been cleaned.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param int $tt_id Term taxonomy ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    */
    do_action( “edited_term”, $term_id, $tt_id, $taxonomy );

    /**
    * Fires after a term for a specific taxonomy has been updated, and the term
    * cache has been cleaned.
    *
    * The dynamic portion of the hook name, $taxonomy, refers to the taxonomy slug.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param int $tt_id Term taxonomy ID.
    */
    do_action( “edited_{$taxonomy}”, $term_id, $tt_id );

    return array(‘term_id’ => $term_id, ‘term_taxonomy_id’ => $tt_id);
    }

    /**
    * Enable or disable term counting.
    *
    * @since 2.5.0
    *
    * @staticvar bool $_defer
    *
    * @param bool $defer Optional. Enable if true, disable if false.
    * @return bool Whether term counting is enabled or disabled.
    */
    function wp_defer_term_counting($defer=null) {
    static $_defer = false;

    if ( is_bool($defer) ) {
    $_defer = $defer;
    // flush any deferred counts
    if ( !$defer )
    wp_update_term_count( null, null, true );
    }

    return $_defer;
    }

    /**
    * Updates the amount of terms in taxonomy.
    *
    * If there is a taxonomy callback applied, then it will be called for updating
    * the count.
    *
    * The default action is to count what the amount of terms have the relationship
    * of term ID. Once that is done, then update the database.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @staticvar array $_deferred
    *
    * @param int|array $terms The term_taxonomy_id of the terms.
    * @param string $taxonomy The context of the term.
    * @param bool $do_deferred Whether to flush the deferred term counts too. Default false.
    * @return bool If no terms will return false, and if successful will return true.
    */
    function wp_update_term_count( $terms, $taxonomy, $do_deferred = false ) {
    static $_deferred = array();

    if ( $do_deferred ) {
    foreach ( (array) array_keys($_deferred) as $tax ) {
    wp_update_term_count_now( $_deferred[$tax], $tax );
    unset( $_deferred[$tax] );
    }
    }

    if ( empty($terms) )
    return false;

    if ( !is_array($terms) )
    $terms = array($terms);

    if ( wp_defer_term_counting() ) {
    if ( !isset($_deferred[$taxonomy]) )
    $_deferred[$taxonomy] = array();
    $_deferred[$taxonomy] = array_unique( array_merge($_deferred[$taxonomy], $terms) );
    return true;
    }

    return wp_update_term_count_now( $terms, $taxonomy );
    }

    /**
    * Perform term count update immediately.
    *
    * @since 2.5.0
    *
    * @param array $terms The term_taxonomy_id of terms to update.
    * @param string $taxonomy The context of the term.
    * @return true Always true when complete.
    */
    function wp_update_term_count_now( $terms, $taxonomy ) {
    $terms = array_map(‘intval’, $terms);

    $taxonomy = get_taxonomy($taxonomy);
    if ( !empty($taxonomy->update_count_callback) ) {
    call_user_func($taxonomy->update_count_callback, $terms, $taxonomy);
    } else {
    $object_types = (array) $taxonomy->object_type;
    foreach ( $object_types as &$object_type ) {
    if ( 0 === strpos( $object_type, ‘attachment:’ ) )
    list( $object_type ) = explode( ‘:’, $object_type );
    }

    if ( $object_types == array_filter( $object_types, ‘post_type_exists’ ) ) {
    // Only post types are attached to this taxonomy
    _update_post_term_count( $terms, $taxonomy );
    } else {
    // Default count updater
    _update_generic_term_count( $terms, $taxonomy );
    }
    }

    clean_term_cache($terms, ”, false);

    return true;
    }

    //
    // Cache
    //

    /**
    * Removes the taxonomy relationship to terms from the cache.
    *
    * Will remove the entire taxonomy relationship containing term $object_id. The
    * term IDs have to exist within the taxonomy $object_type for the deletion to
    * take place.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @global bool $_wp_suspend_cache_invalidation
    *
    * @see get_object_taxonomies() for more on $object_type.
    *
    * @param int|array $object_ids Single or list of term object ID(s).
    * @param array|string $object_type The taxonomy object type.
    */
    function clean_object_term_cache($object_ids, $object_type) {
    global $_wp_suspend_cache_invalidation;

    if ( ! empty( $_wp_suspend_cache_invalidation ) ) {
    return;
    }

    if ( !is_array($object_ids) )
    $object_ids = array($object_ids);

    $taxonomies = get_object_taxonomies( $object_type );

    foreach ( $object_ids as $id ) {
    foreach ( $taxonomies as $taxonomy ) {
    wp_cache_delete($id, “{$taxonomy}_relationships”);
    }
    }

    /**
    * Fires after the object term cache has been cleaned.
    *
    * @since 2.5.0
    *
    * @param array $object_ids An array of object IDs.
    * @param string $object_type Object type.
    */
    do_action( ‘clean_object_term_cache’, $object_ids, $object_type );
    }

    /**
    * Will remove all of the term ids from the cache.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
    * @global bool $_wp_suspend_cache_invalidation
    *
    * @param int|array $ids Single or list of Term IDs.
    * @param string $taxonomy Optional. Can be empty and will assume tt_ids, else will use for context.
    * Default empty.
    * @param bool $clean_taxonomy Optional. Whether to clean taxonomy wide caches (true), or just individual
    * term object caches (false). Default true.
    */
    function clean_term_cache($ids, $taxonomy = ”, $clean_taxonomy = true) {
    global $wpdb, $_wp_suspend_cache_invalidation;

    if ( ! empty( $_wp_suspend_cache_invalidation ) ) {
    return;
    }

    if ( !is_array($ids) )
    $ids = array($ids);

    $taxonomies = array();
    // If no taxonomy, assume tt_ids.
    if ( empty($taxonomy) ) {
    $tt_ids = array_map(‘intval’, $ids);
    $tt_ids = implode(‘, ‘, $tt_ids);
    $terms = $wpdb->get_results(“SELECT term_id, taxonomy FROM $wpdb->term_taxonomy WHERE term_taxonomy_id IN ($tt_ids)”);
    $ids = array();
    foreach ( (array) $terms as $term ) {
    $taxonomies[] = $term->taxonomy;
    $ids[] = $term->term_id;
    wp_cache_delete( $term->term_id, ‘terms’ );
    }
    $taxonomies = array_unique($taxonomies);
    } else {
    $taxonomies = array($taxonomy);
    foreach ( $taxonomies as $taxonomy ) {
    foreach ( $ids as $id ) {
    wp_cache_delete( $id, ‘terms’ );
    }
    }
    }

    foreach ( $taxonomies as $taxonomy ) {
    if ( $clean_taxonomy ) {
    clean_taxonomy_cache( $taxonomy );
    }

    /**
    * Fires once after each taxonomy’s term cache has been cleaned.
    *
    * @since 2.5.0
    * @since 4.5.0 Added the $clean_taxonomy parameter.
    *
    * @param array $ids An array of term IDs.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    * @param bool $clean_taxonomy Whether or not to clean taxonomy-wide caches
    */
    do_action( ‘clean_term_cache’, $ids, $taxonomy, $clean_taxonomy );
    }

    wp_cache_set( ‘last_changed’, microtime(), ‘terms’ );
    }

    /**
    * Clean the caches for a taxonomy.
    *
    * @since 4.9.0
    *
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    */
    function clean_taxonomy_cache( $taxonomy ) {
    wp_cache_delete( ‘all_ids’, $taxonomy );
    wp_cache_delete( ‘get’, $taxonomy );

    // Regenerate cached hierarchy.
    delete_option( “{$taxonomy}_children” );
    _get_term_hierarchy( $taxonomy );

    /**
    * Fires after a taxonomy’s caches have been cleaned.
    *
    * @since 4.9.0
    *
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    */
    do_action( ‘clean_taxonomy_cache’, $taxonomy );
    }

    /**
    * Retrieves the taxonomy relationship to the term object id.
    *
    * Upstream functions (like get_the_terms() and is_object_in_term()) are
    * responsible for populating the object-term relationship cache. The current
    * function only fetches relationship data that is already in the cache.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    * @since 4.7.0 Returns a WP_Error object if get_term() returns an error for
    * any of the matched terms.
    *
    * @param int $id Term object ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy name.
    * @return bool|array|WP_Error Array of WP_Term objects, if cached.
    * False if cache is empty for $taxonomy and $id.
    * WP_Error if get_term() returns an error object for any term.
    */
    function get_object_term_cache( $id, $taxonomy ) {
    $_term_ids = wp_cache_get( $id, “{$taxonomy}_relationships” );

    // We leave the priming of relationship caches to upstream functions.
    if ( false === $_term_ids ) {
    return false;
    }

    // Backward compatibility for if a plugin is putting objects into the cache, rather than IDs.
    $term_ids = array();
    foreach ( $_term_ids as $term_id ) {
    if ( is_numeric( $term_id ) ) {
    $term_ids[] = intval( $term_id );
    } elseif ( isset( $term_id->term_id ) ) {
    $term_ids[] = intval( $term_id->term_id );
    }
    }

    // Fill the term objects.
    _prime_term_caches( $term_ids );

    $terms = array();
    foreach ( $term_ids as $term_id ) {
    $term = get_term( $term_id, $taxonomy );
    if ( is_wp_error( $term ) ) {
    return $term;
    }

    $terms[] = $term;
    }

    return $terms;
    }

    /**
    * Updates the cache for the given term object ID(s).
    *
    * Note: Due to performance concerns, great care should be taken to only update
    * term caches when necessary. Processing time can increase exponentially depending
    * on both the number of passed term IDs and the number of taxonomies those terms
    * belong to.
    *
    * Caches will only be updated for terms not already cached.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param string|array $object_ids Comma-separated list or array of term object IDs.
    * @param array|string $object_type The taxonomy object type.
    * @return void|false False if all of the terms in $object_ids are already cached.
    */
    function update_object_term_cache($object_ids, $object_type) {
    if ( empty($object_ids) )
    return;

    if ( !is_array($object_ids) )
    $object_ids = explode(‘,’, $object_ids);

    $object_ids = array_map(‘intval’, $object_ids);

    $taxonomies = get_object_taxonomies($object_type);

    $ids = array();
    foreach ( (array) $object_ids as $id ) {
    foreach ( $taxonomies as $taxonomy ) {
    if ( false === wp_cache_get($id, “{$taxonomy}_relationships”) ) {
    $ids[] = $id;
    break;
    }
    }
    }

    if ( empty( $ids ) )
    return false;

    $terms = wp_get_object_terms( $ids, $taxonomies, array(
    ‘fields’ => ‘all_with_object_id’,
    ‘orderby’ => ‘name’,
    ‘update_term_meta_cache’ => false,
    ) );

    $object_terms = array();
    foreach ( (array) $terms as $term ) {
    $object_terms[ $term->object_id ][ $term->taxonomy ][] = $term->term_id;
    }

    foreach ( $ids as $id ) {
    foreach ( $taxonomies as $taxonomy ) {
    if ( ! isset($object_terms[$id][$taxonomy]) ) {
    if ( !isset($object_terms[$id]) )
    $object_terms[$id] = array();
    $object_terms[$id][$taxonomy] = array();
    }
    }
    }

    foreach ( $object_terms as $id => $value ) {
    foreach ( $value as $taxonomy => $terms ) {
    wp_cache_add( $id, $terms, “{$taxonomy}_relationships” );
    }
    }
    }

    /**
    * Updates Terms to Taxonomy in cache.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param array $terms List of term objects to change.
    * @param string $taxonomy Optional. Update Term to this taxonomy in cache. Default empty.
    */
    function update_term_cache( $terms, $taxonomy = ” ) {
    foreach ( (array) $terms as $term ) {
    // Create a copy in case the array was passed by reference.
    $_term = clone $term;

    // Object ID should not be cached.
    unset( $_term->object_id );

    wp_cache_add( $term->term_id, $_term, ‘terms’ );
    }
    }

    //
    // Private
    //

    /**
    * Retrieves children of taxonomy as Term IDs.
    *
    * @ignore
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy name.
    * @return array Empty if $taxonomy isn’t hierarchical or returns children as Term IDs.
    */
    function _get_term_hierarchy( $taxonomy ) {
    if ( !is_taxonomy_hierarchical($taxonomy) )
    return array();
    $children = get_option(“{$taxonomy}_children”);

    if ( is_array($children) )
    return $children;
    $children = array();
    $terms = get_terms($taxonomy, array(‘get’ => ‘all’, ‘orderby’ => ‘id’, ‘fields’ => ‘id=>parent’));
    foreach ( $terms as $term_id => $parent ) {
    if ( $parent > 0 )
    $children[$parent][] = $term_id;
    }
    update_option(“{$taxonomy}_children”, $children);

    return $children;
    }

    /**
    * Get the subset of $terms that are descendants of $term_id.
    *
    * If $terms is an array of objects, then _get_term_children() returns an array of objects.
    * If $terms is an array of IDs, then _get_term_children() returns an array of IDs.
    *
    * @access private
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id The ancestor term: all returned terms should be descendants of $term_id.
    * @param array $terms The set of terms – either an array of term objects or term IDs – from which those that
    * are descendants of $term_id will be chosen.
    * @param string $taxonomy The taxonomy which determines the hierarchy of the terms.
    * @param array $ancestors Optional. Term ancestors that have already been identified. Passed by reference, to keep
    * track of found terms when recursing the hierarchy. The array of located ancestors is used
    * to prevent infinite recursion loops. For performance, term_ids are used as array keys,
    * with 1 as value. Default empty array.
    * @return array|WP_Error The subset of $terms that are descendants of $term_id.
    */
    function _get_term_children( $term_id, $terms, $taxonomy, &$ancestors = array() ) {
    $empty_array = array();
    if ( empty($terms) )
    return $empty_array;

    $term_list = array();
    $has_children = _get_term_hierarchy($taxonomy);

    if ( ( 0 != $term_id ) && ! isset($has_children[$term_id]) )
    return $empty_array;

    // Include the term itself in the ancestors array, so we can properly detect when a loop has occurred.
    if ( empty( $ancestors ) ) {
    $ancestors[ $term_id ] = 1;
    }

    foreach ( (array) $terms as $term ) {
    $use_id = false;
    if ( !is_object($term) ) {
    $term = get_term($term, $taxonomy);
    if ( is_wp_error( $term ) )
    return $term;
    $use_id = true;
    }

    // Don’t recurse if we’ve already identified the term as a child – this indicates a loop.
    if ( isset( $ancestors[ $term->term_id ] ) ) {
    continue;
    }

    if ( $term->parent == $term_id ) {
    if ( $use_id )
    $term_list[] = $term->term_id;
    else
    $term_list[] = $term;

    if ( !isset($has_children[$term->term_id]) )
    continue;

    $ancestors[ $term->term_id ] = 1;

    if ( $children = _get_term_children( $term->term_id, $terms, $taxonomy, $ancestors) )
    $term_list = array_merge($term_list, $children);
    }
    }

    return $term_list;
    }

    /**
    * Add count of children to parent count.
    *
    * Recalculates term counts by including items from child terms. Assumes all
    * relevant children are already in the $terms argument.
    *
    * @access private
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
    *
    * @param array $terms List of term objects (passed by reference).
    * @param string $taxonomy Term context.
    */
    function _pad_term_counts( &$terms, $taxonomy ) {
    global $wpdb;

    // This function only works for hierarchical taxonomies like post categories.
    if ( !is_taxonomy_hierarchical( $taxonomy ) )
    return;

    $term_hier = _get_term_hierarchy($taxonomy);

    if ( empty($term_hier) )
    return;

    $term_items = array();
    $terms_by_id = array();
    $term_ids = array();

    foreach ( (array) $terms as $key => $term ) {
    $terms_by_id[$term->term_id] = & $terms[$key];
    $term_ids[$term->term_taxonomy_id] = $term->term_id;
    }

    // Get the object and term ids and stick them in a lookup table.
    $tax_obj = get_taxonomy($taxonomy);
    $object_types = esc_sql($tax_obj->object_type);
    $results = $wpdb->get_results(“SELECT object_id, term_taxonomy_id FROM $wpdb->term_relationships INNER JOIN $wpdb->posts ON object_id = ID WHERE term_taxonomy_id IN (” . implode(‘,’, array_keys($term_ids)) . “) AND post_type IN (‘” . implode(“‘, ‘”, $object_types) . “‘) AND post_status = ‘publish'”);
    foreach ( $results as $row ) {
    $id = $term_ids[$row->term_taxonomy_id];
    $term_items[$id][$row->object_id] = isset($term_items[$id][$row->object_id]) ? ++$term_items[$id][$row->object_id] : 1;
    }

    // Touch every ancestor’s lookup row for each post in each term.
    foreach ( $term_ids as $term_id ) {
    $child = $term_id;
    $ancestors = array();
    while ( !empty( $terms_by_id[$child] ) && $parent = $terms_by_id[$child]->parent ) {
    $ancestors[] = $child;
    if ( !empty( $term_items[$term_id] ) )
    foreach ( $term_items[$term_id] as $item_id => $touches ) {
    $term_items[$parent][$item_id] = isset($term_items[$parent][$item_id]) ? ++$term_items[$parent][$item_id]: 1;
    }
    $child = $parent;

    if ( in_array( $parent, $ancestors ) ) {
    break;
    }
    }
    }

    // Transfer the touched cells.
    foreach ( (array) $term_items as $id => $items )
    if ( isset($terms_by_id[$id]) )
    $terms_by_id[$id]->count = count($items);
    }

    /**
    * Adds any terms from the given IDs to the cache that do not already exist in cache.
    *
    * @since 4.6.0
    * @access private
    *
    * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
    *
    * @param array $term_ids Array of term IDs.
    * @param bool $update_meta_cache Optional. Whether to update the meta cache. Default true.
    */
    function _prime_term_caches( $term_ids, $update_meta_cache = true ) {
    global $wpdb;

    $non_cached_ids = _get_non_cached_ids( $term_ids, ‘terms’ );
    if ( ! empty( $non_cached_ids ) ) {
    $fresh_terms = $wpdb->get_results( sprintf( “SELECT t.*, tt.* FROM $wpdb->terms AS t INNER JOIN $wpdb->term_taxonomy AS tt ON t.term_id = tt.term_id WHERE t.term_id IN (%s)”, join( “,”, array_map( ‘intval’, $non_cached_ids ) ) ) );

    update_term_cache( $fresh_terms, $update_meta_cache );

    if ( $update_meta_cache ) {
    update_termmeta_cache( $non_cached_ids );
    }
    }
    }

    //
    // Default callbacks
    //

    /**
    * Will update term count based on object types of the current taxonomy.
    *
    * Private function for the default callback for post_tag and category
    * taxonomies.
    *
    * @access private
    * @since 2.3.0
    *
    * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
    *
    * @param array $terms List of Term taxonomy IDs.
    * @param object $taxonomy Current taxonomy object of terms.
    */
    function _update_post_term_count( $terms, $taxonomy ) {
    global $wpdb;

    $object_types = (array) $taxonomy->object_type;

    foreach ( $object_types as &$object_type )
    list( $object_type ) = explode( ‘:’, $object_type );

    $object_types = array_unique( $object_types );

    if ( false !== ( $check_attachments = array_search( ‘attachment’, $object_types ) ) ) {
    unset( $object_types[ $check_attachments ] );
    $check_attachments = true;
    }

    if ( $object_types )
    $object_types = esc_sql( array_filter( $object_types, ‘post_type_exists’ ) );

    foreach ( (array) $terms as $term ) {
    $count = 0;

    // Attachments can be ‘inherit’ status, we need to base count off the parent’s status if so.
    if ( $check_attachments )
    $count += (int) $wpdb->get_var( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT COUNT(*) FROM $wpdb->term_relationships, $wpdb->posts p1 WHERE p1.ID = $wpdb->term_relationships.object_id AND ( post_status = ‘publish’ OR ( post_status = ‘inherit’ AND post_parent > 0 AND ( SELECT post_status FROM $wpdb->posts WHERE ID = p1.post_parent ) = ‘publish’ ) ) AND post_type = ‘attachment’ AND term_taxonomy_id = %d”, $term ) );

    if ( $object_types )
    $count += (int) $wpdb->get_var( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT COUNT(*) FROM $wpdb->term_relationships, $wpdb->posts WHERE $wpdb->posts.ID = $wpdb->term_relationships.object_id AND post_status = ‘publish’ AND post_type IN (‘” . implode(“‘, ‘”, $object_types ) . “‘) AND term_taxonomy_id = %d”, $term ) );

    /** This action is documented in wp-includes/taxonomy.php */
    do_action( ‘edit_term_taxonomy’, $term, $taxonomy->name );
    $wpdb->update( $wpdb->term_taxonomy, compact( ‘count’ ), array( ‘term_taxonomy_id’ => $term ) );

    /** This action is documented in wp-includes/taxonomy.php */
    do_action( ‘edited_term_taxonomy’, $term, $taxonomy->name );
    }
    }

    /**
    * Will update term count based on number of objects.
    *
    * Default callback for the ‘link_category’ taxonomy.
    *
    * @since 3.3.0
    *
    * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
    *
    * @param array $terms List of term taxonomy IDs.
    * @param object $taxonomy Current taxonomy object of terms.
    */
    function _update_generic_term_count( $terms, $taxonomy ) {
    global $wpdb;

    foreach ( (array) $terms as $term ) {
    $count = $wpdb->get_var( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT COUNT(*) FROM $wpdb->term_relationships WHERE term_taxonomy_id = %d”, $term ) );

    /** This action is documented in wp-includes/taxonomy.php */
    do_action( ‘edit_term_taxonomy’, $term, $taxonomy->name );
    $wpdb->update( $wpdb->term_taxonomy, compact( ‘count’ ), array( ‘term_taxonomy_id’ => $term ) );

    /** This action is documented in wp-includes/taxonomy.php */
    do_action( ‘edited_term_taxonomy’, $term, $taxonomy->name );
    }
    }

    /**
    * Create a new term for a term_taxonomy item that currently shares its term
    * with another term_taxonomy.
    *
    * @ignore
    * @since 4.2.0
    * @since 4.3.0 Introduced $record parameter. Also, $term_id and
    * $term_taxonomy_id can now accept objects.
    *
    * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
    *
    * @param int|object $term_id ID of the shared term, or the shared term object.
    * @param int|object $term_taxonomy_id ID of the term_taxonomy item to receive a new term, or the term_taxonomy object
    * (corresponding to a row from the term_taxonomy table).
    * @param bool $record Whether to record data about the split term in the options table. The recording
    * process has the potential to be resource-intensive, so during batch operations
    * it can be beneficial to skip inline recording and do it just once, after the
    * batch is processed. Only set this to false if you know what you are doing.
    * Default: true.
    * @return int|WP_Error When the current term does not need to be split (or cannot be split on the current
    * database schema), $term_id is returned. When the term is successfully split, the
    * new term_id is returned. A WP_Error is returned for miscellaneous errors.
    */
    function _split_shared_term( $term_id, $term_taxonomy_id, $record = true ) {
    global $wpdb;

    if ( is_object( $term_id ) ) {
    $shared_term = $term_id;
    $term_id = intval( $shared_term->term_id );
    }

    if ( is_object( $term_taxonomy_id ) ) {
    $term_taxonomy = $term_taxonomy_id;
    $term_taxonomy_id = intval( $term_taxonomy->term_taxonomy_id );
    }

    // If there are no shared term_taxonomy rows, there’s nothing to do here.
    $shared_tt_count = $wpdb->get_var( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT COUNT(*) FROM $wpdb->term_taxonomy tt WHERE tt.term_id = %d AND tt.term_taxonomy_id != %d”, $term_id, $term_taxonomy_id ) );

    if ( ! $shared_tt_count ) {
    return $term_id;
    }

    /*
    * Verify that the term_taxonomy_id passed to the function is actually associated with the term_id.
    * If there’s a mismatch, it may mean that the term is already split. Return the actual term_id from the db.
    */
    $check_term_id = $wpdb->get_var( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT term_id FROM $wpdb->term_taxonomy WHERE term_taxonomy_id = %d”, $term_taxonomy_id ) );
    if ( $check_term_id != $term_id ) {
    return $check_term_id;
    }

    // Pull up data about the currently shared slug, which we’ll use to populate the new one.
    if ( empty( $shared_term ) ) {
    $shared_term = $wpdb->get_row( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT t.* FROM $wpdb->terms t WHERE t.term_id = %d”, $term_id ) );
    }

    $new_term_data = array(
    ‘name’ => $shared_term->name,
    ‘slug’ => $shared_term->slug,
    ‘term_group’ => $shared_term->term_group,
    );

    if ( false === $wpdb->insert( $wpdb->terms, $new_term_data ) ) {
    return new WP_Error( ‘db_insert_error’, __( ‘Could not split shared term.’ ), $wpdb->last_error );
    }

    $new_term_id = (int) $wpdb->insert_id;

    // Update the existing term_taxonomy to point to the newly created term.
    $wpdb->update( $wpdb->term_taxonomy,
    array( ‘term_id’ => $new_term_id ),
    array( ‘term_taxonomy_id’ => $term_taxonomy_id )
    );

    // Reassign child terms to the new parent.
    if ( empty( $term_taxonomy ) ) {
    $term_taxonomy = $wpdb->get_row( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT * FROM $wpdb->term_taxonomy WHERE term_taxonomy_id = %d”, $term_taxonomy_id ) );
    }

    $children_tt_ids = $wpdb->get_col( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT term_taxonomy_id FROM $wpdb->term_taxonomy WHERE parent = %d AND taxonomy = %s”, $term_id, $term_taxonomy->taxonomy ) );
    if ( ! empty( $children_tt_ids ) ) {
    foreach ( $children_tt_ids as $child_tt_id ) {
    $wpdb->update( $wpdb->term_taxonomy,
    array( ‘parent’ => $new_term_id ),
    array( ‘term_taxonomy_id’ => $child_tt_id )
    );
    clean_term_cache( (int) $child_tt_id, ”, false );
    }
    } else {
    // If the term has no children, we must force its taxonomy cache to be rebuilt separately.
    clean_term_cache( $new_term_id, $term_taxonomy->taxonomy, false );
    }

    clean_term_cache( $term_id, $term_taxonomy->taxonomy, false );

    /*
    * Taxonomy cache clearing is delayed to avoid race conditions that may occur when
    * regenerating the taxonomy’s hierarchy tree.
    */
    $taxonomies_to_clean = array( $term_taxonomy->taxonomy );

    // Clean the cache for term taxonomies formerly shared with the current term.
    $shared_term_taxonomies = $wpdb->get_col( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT taxonomy FROM $wpdb->term_taxonomy WHERE term_id = %d”, $term_id ) );
    $taxonomies_to_clean = array_merge( $taxonomies_to_clean, $shared_term_taxonomies );

    foreach ( $taxonomies_to_clean as $taxonomy_to_clean ) {
    clean_taxonomy_cache( $taxonomy_to_clean );
    }

    // Keep a record of term_ids that have been split, keyed by old term_id. See wp_get_split_term().
    if ( $record ) {
    $split_term_data = get_option( ‘_split_terms’, array() );
    if ( ! isset( $split_term_data[ $term_id ] ) ) {
    $split_term_data[ $term_id ] = array();
    }

    $split_term_data[ $term_id ][ $term_taxonomy->taxonomy ] = $new_term_id;
    update_option( ‘_split_terms’, $split_term_data );
    }

    // If we’ve just split the final shared term, set the “finished” flag.
    $shared_terms_exist = $wpdb->get_results(
    “SELECT tt.term_id, t.*, count(*) as term_tt_count FROM {$wpdb->term_taxonomy} tt
    LEFT JOIN {$wpdb->terms} t ON t.term_id = tt.term_id
    GROUP BY t.term_id
    HAVING term_tt_count > 1
    LIMIT 1”
    );
    if ( ! $shared_terms_exist ) {
    update_option( ‘finished_splitting_shared_terms’, true );
    }

    /**
    * Fires after a previously shared taxonomy term is split into two separate terms.
    *
    * @since 4.2.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id ID of the formerly shared term.
    * @param int $new_term_id ID of the new term created for the $term_taxonomy_id.
    * @param int $term_taxonomy_id ID for the term_taxonomy row affected by the split.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy for the split term.
    */
    do_action( ‘split_shared_term’, $term_id, $new_term_id, $term_taxonomy_id, $term_taxonomy->taxonomy );

    return $new_term_id;
    }

    /**
    * Splits a batch of shared taxonomy terms.
    *
    * @since 4.3.0
    *
    * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
    */
    function _wp_batch_split_terms() {
    global $wpdb;

    $lock_name = ‘term_split.lock’;

    // Try to lock.
    $lock_result = $wpdb->query( $wpdb->prepare( “INSERT IGNORE INTO $wpdb->options ( option_name, option_value, autoload ) VALUES (%s, %s, ‘no’) /* LOCK */”, $lock_name, time() ) );

    if ( ! $lock_result ) {
    $lock_result = get_option( $lock_name );

    // Bail if we were unable to create a lock, or if the existing lock is still valid.
    if ( ! $lock_result || ( $lock_result > ( time() – HOUR_IN_SECONDS ) ) ) {
    wp_schedule_single_event( time() + ( 5 * MINUTE_IN_SECONDS ), ‘wp_split_shared_term_batch’ );
    return;
    }
    }

    // Update the lock, as by this point we’ve definitely got a lock, just need to fire the actions.
    update_option( $lock_name, time() );

    // Get a list of shared terms (those with more than one associated row in term_taxonomy).
    $shared_terms = $wpdb->get_results(
    “SELECT tt.term_id, t.*, count(*) as term_tt_count FROM {$wpdb->term_taxonomy} tt
    LEFT JOIN {$wpdb->terms} t ON t.term_id = tt.term_id
    GROUP BY t.term_id
    HAVING term_tt_count > 1
    LIMIT 10”
    );

    // No more terms, we’re done here.
    if ( ! $shared_terms ) {
    update_option( ‘finished_splitting_shared_terms’, true );
    delete_option( $lock_name );
    return;
    }

    // Shared terms found? We’ll need to run this script again.
    wp_schedule_single_event( time() + ( 2 * MINUTE_IN_SECONDS ), ‘wp_split_shared_term_batch’ );

    // Rekey shared term array for faster lookups.
    $_shared_terms = array();
    foreach ( $shared_terms as $shared_term ) {
    $term_id = intval( $shared_term->term_id );
    $_shared_terms[ $term_id ] = $shared_term;
    }
    $shared_terms = $_shared_terms;

    // Get term taxonomy data for all shared terms.
    $shared_term_ids = implode( ‘,’, array_keys( $shared_terms ) );
    $shared_tts = $wpdb->get_results( “SELECT * FROM {$wpdb->term_taxonomy} WHERE term_id IN ({$shared_term_ids})” );

    // Split term data recording is slow, so we do it just once, outside the loop.
    $split_term_data = get_option( ‘_split_terms’, array() );
    $skipped_first_term = $taxonomies = array();
    foreach ( $shared_tts as $shared_tt ) {
    $term_id = intval( $shared_tt->term_id );

    // Don’t split the first tt belonging to a given term_id.
    if ( ! isset( $skipped_first_term[ $term_id ] ) ) {
    $skipped_first_term[ $term_id ] = 1;
    continue;
    }

    if ( ! isset( $split_term_data[ $term_id ] ) ) {
    $split_term_data[ $term_id ] = array();
    }

    // Keep track of taxonomies whose hierarchies need flushing.
    if ( ! isset( $taxonomies[ $shared_tt->taxonomy ] ) ) {
    $taxonomies[ $shared_tt->taxonomy ] = 1;
    }

    // Split the term.
    $split_term_data[ $term_id ][ $shared_tt->taxonomy ] = _split_shared_term( $shared_terms[ $term_id ], $shared_tt, false );
    }

    // Rebuild the cached hierarchy for each affected taxonomy.
    foreach ( array_keys( $taxonomies ) as $tax ) {
    delete_option( “{$tax}_children” );
    _get_term_hierarchy( $tax );
    }

    update_option( ‘_split_terms’, $split_term_data );

    delete_option( $lock_name );
    }

    /**
    * In order to avoid the _wp_batch_split_terms() job being accidentally removed,
    * check that it’s still scheduled while we haven’t finished splitting terms.
    *
    * @ignore
    * @since 4.3.0
    */
    function _wp_check_for_scheduled_split_terms() {
    if ( ! get_option( ‘finished_splitting_shared_terms’ ) && ! wp_next_scheduled( ‘wp_split_shared_term_batch’ ) ) {
    wp_schedule_single_event( time() + MINUTE_IN_SECONDS, ‘wp_split_shared_term_batch’ );
    }
    }

    /**
    * Check default categories when a term gets split to see if any of them need to be updated.
    *
    * @ignore
    * @since 4.2.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id ID of the formerly shared term.
    * @param int $new_term_id ID of the new term created for the $term_taxonomy_id.
    * @param int $term_taxonomy_id ID for the term_taxonomy row affected by the split.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy for the split term.
    */
    function _wp_check_split_default_terms( $term_id, $new_term_id, $term_taxonomy_id, $taxonomy ) {
    if ( ‘category’ != $taxonomy ) {
    return;
    }

    foreach ( array( ‘default_category’, ‘default_link_category’, ‘default_email_category’ ) as $option ) {
    if ( $term_id == get_option( $option, -1 ) ) {
    update_option( $option, $new_term_id );
    }
    }
    }

    /**
    * Check menu items when a term gets split to see if any of them need to be updated.
    *
    * @ignore
    * @since 4.2.0
    *
    * @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
    *
    * @param int $term_id ID of the formerly shared term.
    * @param int $new_term_id ID of the new term created for the $term_taxonomy_id.
    * @param int $term_taxonomy_id ID for the term_taxonomy row affected by the split.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy for the split term.
    */
    function _wp_check_split_terms_in_menus( $term_id, $new_term_id, $term_taxonomy_id, $taxonomy ) {
    global $wpdb;
    $post_ids = $wpdb->get_col( $wpdb->prepare(
    “SELECT m1.post_id
    FROM {$wpdb->postmeta} AS m1
    INNER JOIN {$wpdb->postmeta} AS m2 ON ( m2.post_id = m1.post_id )
    INNER JOIN {$wpdb->postmeta} AS m3 ON ( m3.post_id = m1.post_id )
    WHERE ( m1.meta_key = ‘_menu_item_type’ AND m1.meta_value = ‘taxonomy’ )
    AND ( m2.meta_key = ‘_menu_item_object’ AND m2.meta_value = %s )
    AND ( m3.meta_key = ‘_menu_item_object_id’ AND m3.meta_value = %d )”,
    $taxonomy,
    $term_id
    ) );

    if ( $post_ids ) {
    foreach ( $post_ids as $post_id ) {
    update_post_meta( $post_id, ‘_menu_item_object_id’, $new_term_id, $term_id );
    }
    }
    }

    /**
    * If the term being split is a nav_menu, change associations.
    *
    * @ignore
    * @since 4.3.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id ID of the formerly shared term.
    * @param int $new_term_id ID of the new term created for the $term_taxonomy_id.
    * @param int $term_taxonomy_id ID for the term_taxonomy row affected by the split.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy for the split term.
    */
    function _wp_check_split_nav_menu_terms( $term_id, $new_term_id, $term_taxonomy_id, $taxonomy ) {
    if ( ‘nav_menu’ !== $taxonomy ) {
    return;
    }

    // Update menu locations.
    $locations = get_nav_menu_locations();
    foreach ( $locations as $location => $menu_id ) {
    if ( $term_id == $menu_id ) {
    $locations[ $location ] = $new_term_id;
    }
    }
    set_theme_mod( ‘nav_menu_locations’, $locations );
    }

    /**
    * Get data about terms that previously shared a single term_id, but have since been split.
    *
    * @since 4.2.0
    *
    * @param int $old_term_id Term ID. This is the old, pre-split term ID.
    * @return array Array of new term IDs, keyed by taxonomy.
    */
    function wp_get_split_terms( $old_term_id ) {
    $split_terms = get_option( ‘_split_terms’, array() );

    $terms = array();
    if ( isset( $split_terms[ $old_term_id ] ) ) {
    $terms = $split_terms[ $old_term_id ];
    }

    return $terms;
    }

    /**
    * Get the new term ID corresponding to a previously split term.
    *
    * @since 4.2.0
    *
    * @param int $old_term_id Term ID. This is the old, pre-split term ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy that the term belongs to.
    * @return int|false If a previously split term is found corresponding to the old term_id and taxonomy,
    * the new term_id will be returned. If no previously split term is found matching
    * the parameters, returns false.
    */
    function wp_get_split_term( $old_term_id, $taxonomy ) {
    $split_terms = wp_get_split_terms( $old_term_id );

    $term_id = false;
    if ( isset( $split_terms[ $taxonomy ] ) ) {
    $term_id = (int) $split_terms[ $taxonomy ];
    }

    return $term_id;
    }

    /**
    * Determine whether a term is shared between multiple taxonomies.
    *
    * Shared taxonomy terms began to be split in 4.3, but failed cron tasks or
    * other delays in upgrade routines may cause shared terms to remain.
    *
    * @since 4.4.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @return bool Returns false if a term is not shared between multiple taxonomies or
    * if splittng shared taxonomy terms is finished.
    */
    function wp_term_is_shared( $term_id ) {
    global $wpdb;

    if ( get_option( ‘finished_splitting_shared_terms’ ) ) {
    return false;
    }

    $tt_count = $wpdb->get_var( $wpdb->prepare( “SELECT COUNT(*) FROM $wpdb->term_taxonomy WHERE term_id = %d”, $term_id ) );

    return $tt_count > 1;
    }

    /**
    * Generate a permalink for a taxonomy term archive.
    *
    * @since 2.5.0
    *
    * @global WP_Rewrite $wp_rewrite
    *
    * @param object|int|string $term The term object, ID, or slug whose link will be retrieved.
    * @param string $taxonomy Optional. Taxonomy. Default empty.
    * @return string|WP_Error HTML link to taxonomy term archive on success, WP_Error if term does not exist.
    */
    function get_term_link( $term, $taxonomy = ” ) {
    global $wp_rewrite;

    if ( !is_object($term) ) {
    if ( is_int( $term ) ) {
    $term = get_term( $term, $taxonomy );
    } else {
    $term = get_term_by( ‘slug’, $term, $taxonomy );
    }
    }

    if ( !is_object($term) )
    $term = new WP_Error( ‘invalid_term’, __( ‘Empty Term.’ ) );

    if ( is_wp_error( $term ) )
    return $term;

    $taxonomy = $term->taxonomy;

    $termlink = $wp_rewrite->get_extra_permastruct($taxonomy);

    /**
    * Filters the permalink structure for a terms before token replacement occurs.
    *
    * @since 4.9.0
    *
    * @param string $termlink The permalink structure for the term’s taxonomy.
    * @param WP_Term $term The term object.
    */
    $termlink = apply_filters( ‘pre_term_link’, $termlink, $term );

    $slug = $term->slug;
    $t = get_taxonomy($taxonomy);

    if ( empty($termlink) ) {
    if ( ‘category’ == $taxonomy )
    $termlink = ‘?cat=’ . $term->term_id;
    elseif ( $t->query_var )
    $termlink = “?$t->query_var=$slug”;
    else
    $termlink = “?taxonomy=$taxonomy&term=$slug”;
    $termlink = home_url($termlink);
    } else {
    if ( $t->rewrite[‘hierarchical’] ) {
    $hierarchical_slugs = array();
    $ancestors = get_ancestors( $term->term_id, $taxonomy, ‘taxonomy’ );
    foreach ( (array)$ancestors as $ancestor ) {
    $ancestor_term = get_term($ancestor, $taxonomy);
    $hierarchical_slugs[] = $ancestor_term->slug;
    }
    $hierarchical_slugs = array_reverse($hierarchical_slugs);
    $hierarchical_slugs[] = $slug;
    $termlink = str_replace(“%$taxonomy%”, implode(‘/’, $hierarchical_slugs), $termlink);
    } else {
    $termlink = str_replace(“%$taxonomy%”, $slug, $termlink);
    }
    $termlink = home_url( user_trailingslashit($termlink, ‘category’) );
    }
    // Back Compat filters.
    if ( ‘post_tag’ == $taxonomy ) {

    /**
    * Filters the tag link.
    *
    * @since 2.3.0
    * @deprecated 2.5.0 Use ‘term_link’ instead.
    *
    * @param string $termlink Tag link URL.
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    */
    $termlink = apply_filters( ‘tag_link’, $termlink, $term->term_id );
    } elseif ( ‘category’ == $taxonomy ) {

    /**
    * Filters the category link.
    *
    * @since 1.5.0
    * @deprecated 2.5.0 Use ‘term_link’ instead.
    *
    * @param string $termlink Category link URL.
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    */
    $termlink = apply_filters( ‘category_link’, $termlink, $term->term_id );
    }

    /**
    * Filters the term link.
    *
    * @since 2.5.0
    *
    * @param string $termlink Term link URL.
    * @param object $term Term object.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy slug.
    */
    return apply_filters( ‘term_link’, $termlink, $term, $taxonomy );
    }

    /**
    * Display the taxonomies of a post with available options.
    *
    * This function can be used within the loop to display the taxonomies for a
    * post without specifying the Post ID. You can also use it outside the Loop to
    * display the taxonomies for a specific post.
    *
    * @since 2.5.0
    *
    * @param array $args {
    * Arguments about which post to use and how to format the output. Shares all of the arguments
    * supported by get_the_taxonomies(), in addition to the following.
    *
    * @type int|WP_Post $post Post ID or object to get taxonomies of. Default current post.
    * @type string $before Displays before the taxonomies. Default empty string.
    * @type string $sep Separates each taxonomy. Default is a space.
    * @type string $after Displays after the taxonomies. Default empty string.
    * }
    */
    function the_taxonomies( $args = array() ) {
    $defaults = array(
    ‘post’ => 0,
    ‘before’ => ”,
    ‘sep’ => ‘ ‘,
    ‘after’ => ”,
    );

    $r = wp_parse_args( $args, $defaults );

    echo $r[‘before’] . join( $r[‘sep’], get_the_taxonomies( $r[‘post’], $r ) ) . $r[‘after’];
    }

    /**
    * Retrieve all taxonomies associated with a post.
    *
    * This function can be used within the loop. It will also return an array of
    * the taxonomies with links to the taxonomy and name.
    *
    * @since 2.5.0
    *
    * @param int|WP_Post $post Optional. Post ID or WP_Post object. Default is global $post.
    * @param array $args {
    * Optional. Arguments about how to format the list of taxonomies. Default empty array.
    *
    * @type string $template Template for displaying a taxonomy label and list of terms.
    * Default is “Label: Terms.”
    * @type string $term_template Template for displaying a single term in the list. Default is the term name
    * linked to its archive.
    * }
    * @return array List of taxonomies.
    */
    function get_the_taxonomies( $post = 0, $args = array() ) {
    $post = get_post( $post );

    $args = wp_parse_args( $args, array(
    /* translators: %s: taxonomy label, %l: list of terms formatted as per $term_template */
    ‘template’ => __( ‘%s: %l.’ ),
    ‘term_template’ => ‘%2$s‘,
    ) );

    $taxonomies = array();

    if ( ! $post ) {
    return $taxonomies;
    }

    foreach ( get_object_taxonomies( $post ) as $taxonomy ) {
    $t = (array) get_taxonomy( $taxonomy );
    if ( empty( $t[‘label’] ) ) {
    $t[‘label’] = $taxonomy;
    }
    if ( empty( $t[‘args’] ) ) {
    $t[‘args’] = array();
    }
    if ( empty( $t[‘template’] ) ) {
    $t[‘template’] = $args[‘template’];
    }
    if ( empty( $t[‘term_template’] ) ) {
    $t[‘term_template’] = $args[‘term_template’];
    }

    $terms = get_object_term_cache( $post->ID, $taxonomy );
    if ( false === $terms ) {
    $terms = wp_get_object_terms( $post->ID, $taxonomy, $t[‘args’] );
    }
    $links = array();

    foreach ( $terms as $term ) {
    $links[] = wp_sprintf( $t[‘term_template’], esc_attr( get_term_link( $term ) ), $term->name );
    }
    if ( $links ) {
    $taxonomies[$taxonomy] = wp_sprintf( $t[‘template’], $t[‘label’], $links, $terms );
    }
    }
    return $taxonomies;
    }

    /**
    * Retrieve all taxonomies of a post with just the names.
    *
    * @since 2.5.0
    *
    * @param int|WP_Post $post Optional. Post ID or WP_Post object. Default is global $post.
    * @return array An array of all taxonomy names for the given post.
    */
    function get_post_taxonomies( $post = 0 ) {
    $post = get_post( $post );

    return get_object_taxonomies($post);
    }

    /**
    * Determine if the given object is associated with any of the given terms.
    *
    * The given terms are checked against the object’s terms’ term_ids, names and slugs.
    * Terms given as integers will only be checked against the object’s terms’ term_ids.
    * If no terms are given, determines if object is associated with any terms in the given taxonomy.
    *
    * @since 2.7.0
    *
    * @param int $object_id ID of the object (post ID, link ID, …).
    * @param string $taxonomy Single taxonomy name.
    * @param int|string|array $terms Optional. Term term_id, name, slug or array of said. Default null.
    * @return bool|WP_Error WP_Error on input error.
    */
    function is_object_in_term( $object_id, $taxonomy, $terms = null ) {
    if ( !$object_id = (int) $object_id )
    return new WP_Error( ‘invalid_object’, __( ‘Invalid object ID.’ ) );

    $object_terms = get_object_term_cache( $object_id, $taxonomy );
    if ( false === $object_terms ) {
    $object_terms = wp_get_object_terms( $object_id, $taxonomy, array( ‘update_term_meta_cache’ => false ) );
    if ( is_wp_error( $object_terms ) ) {
    return $object_terms;
    }

    wp_cache_set( $object_id, wp_list_pluck( $object_terms, ‘term_id’ ), “{$taxonomy}_relationships” );
    }

    if ( is_wp_error( $object_terms ) )
    return $object_terms;
    if ( empty( $object_terms ) )
    return false;
    if ( empty( $terms ) )
    return ( !empty( $object_terms ) );

    $terms = (array) $terms;

    if ( $ints = array_filter( $terms, ‘is_int’ ) )
    $strs = array_diff( $terms, $ints );
    else
    $strs =& $terms;

    foreach ( $object_terms as $object_term ) {
    // If term is an int, check against term_ids only.
    if ( $ints && in_array( $object_term->term_id, $ints ) ) {
    return true;
    }

    if ( $strs ) {
    // Only check numeric strings against term_id, to avoid false matches due to type juggling.
    $numeric_strs = array_map( ‘intval’, array_filter( $strs, ‘is_numeric’ ) );
    if ( in_array( $object_term->term_id, $numeric_strs, true ) ) {
    return true;
    }

    if ( in_array( $object_term->name, $strs ) ) return true;
    if ( in_array( $object_term->slug, $strs ) ) return true;
    }
    }

    return false;
    }

    /**
    * Determine if the given object type is associated with the given taxonomy.
    *
    * @since 3.0.0
    *
    * @param string $object_type Object type string.
    * @param string $taxonomy Single taxonomy name.
    * @return bool True if object is associated with the taxonomy, otherwise false.
    */
    function is_object_in_taxonomy( $object_type, $taxonomy ) {
    $taxonomies = get_object_taxonomies( $object_type );
    if ( empty( $taxonomies ) ) {
    return false;
    }
    return in_array( $taxonomy, $taxonomies );
    }

    /**
    * Get an array of ancestor IDs for a given object.
    *
    * @since 3.1.0
    * @since 4.1.0 Introduced the $resource_type argument.
    *
    * @param int $object_id Optional. The ID of the object. Default 0.
    * @param string $object_type Optional. The type of object for which we’ll be retrieving
    * ancestors. Accepts a post type or a taxonomy name. Default empty.
    * @param string $resource_type Optional. Type of resource $object_type is. Accepts ‘post_type’
    * or ‘taxonomy’. Default empty.
    * @return array An array of ancestors from lowest to highest in the hierarchy.
    */
    function get_ancestors( $object_id = 0, $object_type = ”, $resource_type = ” ) {
    $object_id = (int) $object_id;

    $ancestors = array();

    if ( empty( $object_id ) ) {

    /** This filter is documented in wp-includes/taxonomy.php */
    return apply_filters( ‘get_ancestors’, $ancestors, $object_id, $object_type, $resource_type );
    }

    if ( ! $resource_type ) {
    if ( is_taxonomy_hierarchical( $object_type ) ) {
    $resource_type = ‘taxonomy’;
    } elseif ( post_type_exists( $object_type ) ) {
    $resource_type = ‘post_type’;
    }
    }

    if ( ‘taxonomy’ === $resource_type ) {
    $term = get_term($object_id, $object_type);
    while ( ! is_wp_error($term) && ! empty( $term->parent ) && ! in_array( $term->parent, $ancestors ) ) {
    $ancestors[] = (int) $term->parent;
    $term = get_term($term->parent, $object_type);
    }
    } elseif ( ‘post_type’ === $resource_type ) {
    $ancestors = get_post_ancestors($object_id);
    }

    /**
    * Filters a given object’s ancestors.
    *
    * @since 3.1.0
    * @since 4.1.1 Introduced the $resource_type parameter.
    *
    * @param array $ancestors An array of object ancestors.
    * @param int $object_id Object ID.
    * @param string $object_type Type of object.
    * @param string $resource_type Type of resource $object_type is.
    */
    return apply_filters( ‘get_ancestors’, $ancestors, $object_id, $object_type, $resource_type );
    }

    /**
    * Returns the term’s parent’s term_ID.
    *
    * @since 3.1.0
    *
    * @param int $term_id Term ID.
    * @param string $taxonomy Taxonomy name.
    * @return int|false False on error.
    */
    function wp_get_term_taxonomy_parent_id( $term_id, $taxonomy ) {
    $term = get_term( $term_id, $taxonomy );
    if ( ! $term || is_wp_error( $term ) ) {
    return false;
    }
    return (int) $term->parent;
    }

    /**
    * Checks the given subset of the term hierarchy for hierarchy loops.
    * Prevents loops from forming and breaks those that it finds.
    *
    * Attached to the {@see ‘wp_update_term_parent’} filter.
    *
    * @since 3.1.0
    *
    * @param int $parent term_id of the parent for the term we’re checking.
    * @param int $term_id The term we’re checking.
    * @param string $taxonomy The taxonomy of the term we’re checking.
    *
    * @return int The new parent for the term.
    */
    function wp_check_term_hierarchy_for_loops( $parent, $term_id, $taxonomy ) {
    // Nothing fancy here – bail
    if ( !$parent )
    return 0;

    // Can’t be its own parent.
    if ( $parent == $term_id )
    return 0;

    // Now look for larger loops.
    if ( !$loop = wp_find_hierarchy_loop( ‘wp_get_term_taxonomy_parent_id’, $term_id, $parent, array( $taxonomy ) ) )
    return $parent; // No loop

    // Setting $parent to the given value causes a loop.
    if ( isset( $loop[$term_id] ) )
    return 0;

    // There’s a loop, but it doesn’t contain $term_id. Break the loop.
    foreach ( array_keys( $loop ) as $loop_member )
    wp_update_term( $loop_member, $taxonomy, array( ‘parent’ => 0 ) );

    return $parent;
    }

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